The relevance of threaded external skeletal fixation pin insertion speed in canine bone with and without predrilling

Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology : V.C.O.T
J T WalkerM E Payton

Abstract

The effects of insertion speed in revolutions per minute (RPM) and pilot hole predrilling for placement of threaded external skeletal fixation pins on temperature and morphological damage in cortical bone were evaluated. The null hypothesis states that insertion speed and predrilling will have no significant effect on temperature and morphological damage. Fixation pins were inserted into cadaveric canine femurs at speeds of 700 RPM and 150 RPM, with and without pre-drilling. Temperature was measured at each cortex 0.5 mm and 3.0 mm from each insertion site. Samples were examined grossly and by scanning electron microscopy for evidence of morphological damage. Data were analysed for maximum temperature, temperature increase, sites above thermal necrosis thresholds, microcracks, thread quality and gross damage. Predrilling had a significant effect on maximum temperature, temperature increase, sites exceeding necrosis thresholds, microcracks, thread quality and gross damage. Speed of insertion had no significant effect on any of the measured parameters following predrilling, but had a significant effect on thread quality without predrilling. Our results fail to reject the null hypothesis concerning insertion speed, which had no si...Continue Reading

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