The results of surgical therapy for cryptorchidism: a literature review and analysis
The literature was reviewed to consolidate the diverse success rates reported for orchiopexy. A total of 64 articles pertaining to 8,425 undescended testicles was reviewed and found to contain evaluable data. Success was defined as scrotal position and lack of atrophy. Success rates by anatomical testicular position were 74% for abdominal, 82% for peeping and 87% for canalicular testes, and 92% for those located beyond the external ring. Success rates by procedure were 89% for inguinal, 67% for Fowler-Stephens, 77% for staged Fowler-Stephens, 81% for transabdominal, 73% for 2-stage and 84% for microvascular orchiopexy. The significant failure rate for proximal testes suggests that efforts to improve orchiopexy should continue.
Surgical correction of abdominal testes after Fowler-Stephens using the neodymium: YAG laser for preliminary vessel dissection
Testicular revascularization using arterial without venous anastomosis for intraperitoneal cryptorchism
Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy in a patient with prune belly syndrome and segmental atretic vas deferens
High scrotal (Bianchi) single-incision orchidopexy: a "tailored" approach to the palpable undescended testis
Prepubertal unilateral spermatic vessel ligation decreases haploid cell population of ipsilateral testis postpubertally in rats
Laparoscopic mobilization of testicular vessels: an adjunctive step in orchidopexy for impalpable and redo undescended testis in children
Single stage Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy: a preferred alternative in the treatment of nonpalpable testes
Incidence and management of the inguinal hernia during laparoscopic orchiopexy in palpable cryptoorchidism: preliminary report
Effects of laparoscopic division of spermatic vessels on histological changes of testes: long-term observation in the model of prepubertal rat
Laparoscopic versus open orchiopexy for non-palpable undescended testes in children: a systemic review and meta-analysis
First clinical use of an omental pedicle flap for the surgical correction of a high intra-abdominal testicle
Laparoscopy-assisted orchiopexy versus laparoscopic two-stage fowler stephens orchiopexy for nonpalpable testes: Comparative study
Unilateral and bilateral cryptorchidism and its effect on the testicular morphology, histology, accessory sex organs, and sperm count in laboratory mice
Laparoscopic versus open orchiopexy in the management of peeping testis: a multi-institutional prospective randomized study
Age at orchiopexy and testis palpability predict germ and Leydig cell loss: clinical predictors of adverse histological features of cryptorchidism
Potential complications with the prescrotal approach for the palpable undescended testis? A comparison of single prescrotal incision to the traditional inguinal approach
Diagnostic laparoscopy and management of the impalpable testis--a review of 10 years' practice at a non-paediatric specialist centre
Staged laparoscopic traction-orchiopexy for intraabdominal testis (Shehata technique): Stretching the limits for preservation of testicular vasculature
Reduction in the number of orchidopexies for cryptorchidism after recognition of acquired undescended testis and implementation of expectative policy
Treatment of high undescended testes by low spermatic vessel ligation: an alternative to the Fowler-Stephens technique
Effect of preoperative human chorionic gonadotropin on intra-abdominal rat testes undergoing standard and Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy
Bilateral vanished testes diagnosed with a single blood sample showing very high gonadotropins (follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone) and very low inhibin B
Early outcome of orchiopexy and analysis of predictive factors: a retrospective study from 2001 to 2010 in a Norwegian regional hospital
Two-Step Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy for intra-abdominal testes: a 28-year single institution experience
Management of undescended testes: European Association of Urology/European Society for Paediatric Urology Guidelines
Long-term effect of pentoxifylline and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester on testicular function in spermatic artery ligation
Successful outpatient management of the nonpalpable intra-abdominal testis with staged Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy
The low scrotal approach to the ectopic or ascended testicle: prevalence of a patent processus vaginalis
Testes in infants with Prader-Willi syndrome: human chorionic gonadotropin treatment, surgery and histology
Healthcare outcomes assessed with observational study designs compared with those assessed in randomized trials
Laparoscopic Orchiopexy Versus Open Orchiopexy for Palpable Undescended Testis in Children: A Prospective Comparison Study
The impact of primary location and age at orchiopexy on testicular atrophy for congenital undescended testis
Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.
Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis
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Neural Activity: Imaging
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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
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Cell Atlas of the Human Eye
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STING Receptor Agonists
Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.