Jun 29, 2016

The rhythms of predictive coding: pre-stimulus phase modulates the influence of shape perception on luminance judgments

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Biao Han, Rufin VanRullen

Abstract

Predictive coding is an influential model emphasizing interactions between feedforward and feedback signals. Here, we investigated its temporal dynamics. Two gray disks with different versions of the same stimulus, one enabling predictive feedback (a 3D-shape) and one impeding it (random-lines), were simultaneously presented on the left and right of fixation. Human subjects judged the luminance of the two disks while EEG was recorded. Independently of the spatial response (left/right), we found that the choice of 3D-shape or random-lines as the brighter disk (our measure of post-stimulus predictive coding efficiency on each trial) fluctuated along with the pre-stimulus phase of two spontaneous oscillations: a ~5Hz oscillation in contralateral frontal electrodes and a ~16Hz oscillation in contralateral occipital electrodes. This pattern of results demonstrates that predictive coding is a rhythmic process, and suggests that it could take advantage of faster oscillations in low-level areas and slower oscillations in high-level areas.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Electroencephalography
Exons
Spatial Distribution
Contralateral
Sample Fixation
APOBEC3D
Rhythmic Process (Biological)
Clinical Trials
Left-Sided Breast Neoplasms
Perception

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