Oct 15, 2011

The RNA helicase Dhh1p cooperates with Rbp1p to promote porin mRNA decay via its non-conserved C-terminal domain

Nucleic Acids Research
Lin-Chun Chang, Fang-Jen S Lee

Abstract

The yeast RNA helicase Dhh1p has been shown to associate with components of mRNA decay and is involved in mRNA decapping and degradation. An RNA-binding protein, Rbp1p, is known to bind to the 3'-UTR of porin (POR1) mRNA, and induces mRNA decay by an uncharacterized mechanism. Here, we show that Dhh1p can associate with POR1 mRNA and specifically promote POR1 mRNA decay via its interaction with Rbp1p. As compared to its mammalian homolog RCK/p54/DDX6, Dhh1p has a unique and long extension at its C-terminus. Interestingly, this non-conserved C-terminal region of Dhh1p is required for interaction with Rbp1p and modulating Rbp1p-mediated POR1 mRNA decay. Notably, expression of a C-terminal 81-residue deleted Dhh1p can fully complement the growth defect of a dhh1Δ strain and retains its function in regulating the mRNA level of an RNA-binding protein Edc1p. Moreover, mammalian DDX6 became capable of interacting with Rbp1p and could confer Rbp1p-mediated POR1 mRNA decay in the dhh1Δ strain upon fusion to the C-terminal unique region of Dhh1p. Thus, we propose that the non-conserved C-terminus of Dhh1p plays a role in defining specific interactions with mRNA regulatory factors that promote distinct mRNA decay.

Mentioned in this Paper

Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
ARFIP2 gene
DHH1 protein, S cerevisiae
Tertiary Protein Structure
Gene Deletion
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Porin Activity
DEAD-box RNA Helicases
Porin

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.