The role of accelerated colonic transit in prostaglandin-induced diarrhoea and its inhibition by prostacyclin

British Journal of Pharmacology
B D Rush, M J Ruwart

Abstract

Rats treated with subcutaneous 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (16,16-dimethyl PGE2, 100 micrograms kg-1) exhibited diarrhoea even when their ileo-caecal junctions were tied, thereby eliminating contributions from small intestinal transit or fluid accumulation (enteropooling). The origin of the watery stool appeared to be the caecum, since tying the caecal-colonic junction eliminated it. The acceleration of colonic transit is likely to be a primary mechanism of PGE2-induced diarrhoea in the rat, since both normal animals and those with tied ileo-caecal junctions exhibited almost the same incidence of diarrhoea. Subcutaneous prostacyclin (PGI2) (2 mg kg-1 every 60 min) suppressed 16,16-dimethyl PGE2-induced diarrhoea in normal rats and in those with tied ileo-caecal junctions. Colonic transit measured in rats with cannula preimplanted in their proximal colon indicated that 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 enhanced colonic transit and PGI2 suppressed this increase. Thus, PGI2 can inhibit diarrhoea in the rat caused by 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 by suppressing colonic transit exclusive of its effects on small intestinal transit and enteropooling.

References

Jan 1, 1979·The Journal of Surgical Research·M J RuwartB D Rush
Feb 1, 1977·Prostaglandins·S M Karim, P G Adaikan
May 1, 1976·Prostaglandins·A RobertM S Klepper

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.