Feb 10, 2009

The role of adenosine in hypercarbic hyperemia: in vivo and in vitro studies in adenosine 2(A) receptor knockout and wild-type mice

Journal of Neurosurgery
Grzegorz MiekisiakH R Winn


The authors tested the hypothesis that adenosine, acting through the A(2A) receptor, is not involved in hypercarbic hyperemia by assessing the effects of increased PaCO(2) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in vivo in wild-type and A(2A) receptor knockout mice. In addition, they evaluated the effect of abluminal pH changes in vitro on the diameter of isolated perfused penetrating arterioles harvested from wild-type and A(2A) receptor knockout mice. The authors evaluated in a blinded fashion the CBF response during transient (60-second) hypercapnic (7% CO(2)) hypercarbia in anesthetized, ventilated C57Bl/6 wild-type and adenosine A(2A) receptor knockout mice. They also evaluated the hypercarbic response in the absence and presence of the nonselective and selective adenosine antagonists. Cerebral blood flow was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry. There were no differences between the CBF responses to hypercarbia in the wild-type and the knockout mice. Moreover, the hypercarbic hyperemia response was not affected by the adenosine receptor antagonists. The authors also tested the response to alteration in abluminal pH in isolated perfused, pressurized, penetrating arterioles (average diameter 63.3 +/- 3.6 microm) harvested from wild-...Continue Reading

  • References28
  • Citations1


Mentioned in this Paper

Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
Adenosine A2A Receptor Antagonists
Reactive Hyperemia
Adenosine Receptor Antagonists [MoA]
Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists
C57BL/6 Mouse
CGS 21680
Pathological Dilatation

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Greg MiekisiakH R Winn
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
J R MenoH R Winn
Microcirculation : the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Arif HussainStuart Egginton
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
J R MenoH R Winn
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved