The role of calcium in the pH-dependent control of Photosystem II

Photosynthesis Research
A Krieger, E Weis

Abstract

pH-dependent inactivation of Photosystem (PS) II and related quenching of chlorophyll-a-fluorescence have been investigated in isolated thylakoids and PS II-particles and related to calcium release at the donor side of PS II. The capacity of oxygen evolution (measured under light saturation) decreases when the ΔpH is high and the pH in the thylakoid lumen decreases below 5.5. Oxygen evolution recovers upon uncoupling. The pH-response of inactivation can be described by a 1 H(+)-transition with an apparent pK-value of about 4.7. The yield of variable fluorescence decreases in parallel to the inactivation of oxygen evolution. pH-dependent quenching requires light and can be inhibited by DCMU. In PS II-particles, inactivation is accompanied by a reversible release of Ca(2+)-ions (one Ca(2+) released per 200 Chl). In isolated thylakoids, where a ΔpH was created by ATP-hydrolysis, both inactivation of oxygen evolution (and related fluorescence quenching) by internal acidification and the recovery of that inactivation can be suppressed by calcium-channel blockers. In the presence of the Ca(2+)-ionophore A23187, recovery of Chl-fluorescence (after relaxation of the ΔpH) is stimulated by external Ca(2+) and retarded by EGTA. As shown p...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate
Calcium
Calcium Channel Blockers
Chlorophyll
Egtazic Acid
Biological Evolution
Fluorescent Dyes
Molecular Probe Techniques
Oxidation
Oxidation-Reduction

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