Apr 1, 1989

The role of free radicals and eicosanoids in the pathogenetic mechanism underlying ischemic brain edema

Molecular and Chemical Neuropathology
T AsanoK Takakura

Abstract

Results of our consecutive study on the pathogenic mechanism underlying ischemic brain edema are summarized in this paper. Pertinent findings are as follows: (1) there is a close correlation between the influxes of water and sodium following ischemia; (2) the edema fluid can be regarded as the ultrafiltrate of serum; (3) there is a significant increase in the brain content of HETEs following ischemia; (4) the lipoxygenase activity of brain microvessels is increased following ischemia; (5) the lipoxygenase activity as well as the Na+, K+-ATPase activity of brain microvessels are enhanced by a hydroperoxide, 15-HPETE; (6) inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase of brain microvessels by intraarterial infusion of ouabain resulted in a significant decrease in edema formation; and (7) not the cyclooxygenase, but the lipoxygenase pathway seems to be involved in the enhancement of microvessel Na+, K+-ATPase. Lipoxygenase(s) and Na+-K+-ATPase of brain microvessels, the activities of which are enhanced by an increased level of free radicals and/or hydroperoxides, may play a significant role in the occurrence of ischemic brain edema.

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Hydrogen Peroxide
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Pathogenic Organism
Brain
Free Radicals
Eicosanoic Acids
Ouabain
Lipoxygenase

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