The role of population and quantitative genetics and modern sequencing technologies to understand evolved herbicide resistance and weed fitness

Pest Management Science
Ramon G LeonFred Gould

Abstract

Evolution of resistance to multiple herbicides with different sites of action and of nontarget site resistance (NTSR) often involves multiple genes. Thus, single-gene analyses, typical in studies of target site resistance, are not sufficient for understanding the genetic architecture and dynamics of NTSR and multiple resistance. The genetics of weed adaptation to varied agricultural environments is also generally expected to be polygenic. Recent advances in whole-genome sequencing as well as bioinformatic and statistical tools have made it possible to use population and quantitative genetics methods to expand our understanding of how resistance and other traits important for weed adaptation are genetically controlled at the individual and population levels, and to predict responses to selection pressure by herbicides and other environmental factors. The use of tools such as quantitative trait loci mapping, genome-wide association studies, and genomic prediction will allow pest management scientists to better explain how pests adapt to control tools and how specific genotypes thrive and spread across agroecosystems and other human-disturbed systems. The challenge will be to use this knowledge in developing integrated weed manage...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Algicide
Herbicide Resistance
Genome-Wide Association Study
Invasive Weeds
Weed Control
Drug Resistance
Environment
Genes
Genome
Herbicides

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