Jul 1, 1976

The role of precipitins and complement activation in the etiology of allergic lung disease

The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
S A Olenchock, R Burrell


An experimental model of allergic lung disease has been described that is monitored by analysis of arterial oxygen tension following aerosol challenge with antigen. Rabbits immunized to a classical soluble antigen, human serum albumin (HSA), to the point where severe Arthus skin reactivity was demonstrable, were aerosol-challenged with antigen. Arterial oxygen tension measurements made on pre- and post-challenge samples yielded early, late, and continuous response patterns, reminiscent of those obtained in humans following provocation testing. Aerosol challenge of unimmunized animals with HSA resulted in no change from baseline conditions. Unimmunized rabbits exposed to small and massive (10X) aerosols of Aspergillus spores also demonstrated various postchallenge depressions in arterial oxygen tension as well as decreased levels in hemolytic complement activity, depending on the species of fungus and dose of spores used. Unimmunized animals pretreated with cobra venom factor in a manner known to achieve complement depletion failed to respond with altered arterial oxygen tensions following similar aerosol challenge. It is postulated that although precipitins may play a role in artificial disease initiated by soluble antigens, no...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Soluble antigen
Albumin Human, USP
Reproduction Spores
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Human Serum Albumin [EPC]
Hemolytic Complement

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