PMID: 3088537May 1, 1986Paper

The role of pulmonary cellular reactions in the resistance of vaccinated mice to Schistosoma mansoni

Parasite Immunology
J E Crabtree, R A Wilson

Abstract

A histopathological and ultrastructural study was made of schistosomula and associated inflammatory reactions in the lungs of normal mice, and mice previously vaccinated with irradiated cercariae. In normal mice at day 7 post-infection all schistosomula were located in blood vessels. From day 11 onwards an increasing proportion of schistosomula were intra-alveolar (80% from day 20). No cellular reactions were evident around intravascular parasites in normal mice but at later sampling times large compact foci were associated with alveolar parasites. Initial reactions, probably in response to non-specific tissue damage, were approximately 50% polymorphonuclear, and 50% mononuclear. Mononuclear cells predominated at later times. In spite of inflammation, no damage to the schistosomula was observed. There was no evidence for re-entry of schistosomula into blood vessels, and it was assumed entry into alveoli occurred accidentally as parasites attempted to traverse pulmonary blood vessels. The pattern of localization of schistosomula in vaccinated mice was similar to that in normal mice, the proportion in alveoli increasing with time (64% from day 20). The most significant difference was that intravascular schistosomula attracted foc...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Cellular Immune Response
Lung
Macrophage
Electron Microscopy
Schistosoma mansoni
Schistosomiasis Mansoni
Vaccination

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