Sep 15, 2011

The role of the Vlax Roma in shaping the European Romani maternal genetic history

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Marijana Pericić SalihovićBranka Janicijevic

Abstract

The Roma are comprised of many founder groups of common Indian origins but different socio-cultural characteristics. The Vlax Roma are one of the founder Roma populations characterized by a period of bondage in the historic Romanian principalities, and by the archaic Romanian language. Demographic history suggests different migration routes of Roma populations, especially after their arrival in Mesopotamia and the eastern boundary of the Byzantine Empire. Although various genetic studies of uniparental genetic markers showed a connection between Roma genetic legacy and their migration routes, precise sampling of Roma populations elucidates this relationship in more detail. In this study, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA of 384 Croatian Vlax Roma from two geographic locations in the context of 734 European Roma samples. Our results show that Roma migration routes are marked with two Near-Eastern haplogroups, X2 and U3, whose inverse proportional incidence clearly separates the Balkan and the Vlax Roma from other Roma populations that reached Europe as part of the first migration wave. Spatial and temporal characteristics of these haplogroups indicate a possibility of their admixture with Roma populations before arrival in Europe. D...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Founder Effect
DNA, Mitochondrial
Genetics, Population
Genetic Markers
Phylogeny
European Continental Ancestry Group
Cell Differentiation Process
Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis
Korean Race
Phylogeography

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