The role of transferrin in natural killer cell and IL-2-induced cytotoxic cell function

Cellular Immunology
H Y ShauS H Golub

Abstract

The growth factor transferrin (Tf) enhanced natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity. This enhancement was due to direct effects on NK cell function, and Tf treatment of the K562 target cell had no effect on their sensitivity. NK cells were highly enriched in the low-density large granular lymphocyte population (LGL) by Percoll gradient centrifugation. Despite the direct effect of Tf on NK cells, the number of cells expressing receptors for Tf (TfR) in NK-enriched LGL was the same as the NK-cell-depleted high-density small lymphocyte population (SL). All populations, tested without stimulation, had very few TfR+ cells. Interleukin 2 (IL-2) could induce very high NK-like activity in the LGL but not in SL. Similarly, only LGL could be induced by IL-2 to express TfR. In serum-free cultures, only limited NK-like activity could be developed which was greatly enhanced by supplementing with Tf in the cultures. The importance of Tf in NK-like development was confirmed by modulating the expression of TfR in IL-2 containing cultures with mouse monoclonal antibody OKT9 specific for TfR. OKT9 totally abrogated the induction of cytotoxic activity by IL-2 against K562 and NK-resistant target. OKT9 inhibited the induction of cytotoxicity in both...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 1, 1989·Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy : CII·Y TokudaS H Golub
Jan 1, 1991·Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy : CII·S G SwisherE C Holmes
Jan 1, 1987·International Journal of Immunopharmacology·M ItoS Shigeta
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