Nov 1, 1990

The role of wall calcium in the extension of cell walls of soybean hypocotyls

Planta
S S Virk, R E Cleland

Abstract

Calcium crosslinks are load-bearing bonds in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) hypocotyl cell walls, but they are not the same load-bearing bonds that are broken during acid-mediated cell elongation. This conclusion is reached by studying the relationship between wall calcium, pH and the facilitated creep of frozenthawed soybean hypocotyl sections. Supporting data include the following observations: 1) 2-[(2-bis-[carboxy-methyl]amino-5-methylphenoxy)methyl]-6-methoxy-8-bis[carboxymethyl]aminoquinoline (Quin 2) and ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) caused only limited facilitated creep as compared with acid, despite removal of comparable or larger amounts of wall calcium; 2) the pH-response curves for calcium removal and acid-facilitated creep were different; 3) reversible acid-extension occurred even after removal of almost all wall calcium with Quin 2; and 4) growth of abraded sections did not involve a proportional loss of wall calcium. Removal of wall calcium, however, increased the capacity of the walls to undergo acid-facilitated creep. These data indicate that breakage of calcium crosslinks is not a major mechanism of cell-wall loosening in soybean hypocotyl tissues.

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Quin2
Ethylene Glycol Measurement
Calcium
Glycine max
Soybean preparation
Ethers
Etherum, ether, Homeopathic preparation
Egtazic Acid
Glycine max antigen

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