The schedule and duration of intravesical chemotherapy in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: a systematic review of the published results of randomized clinical trials

European Urology
Richard J SylvesterJ Alfred Witjes


Intravesical chemotherapy has been studied in randomized clinical trials for >30 yr; however, the optimal schedule and duration of treatment are unknown. The objective is to determine the effect of schedule and duration of intravesical chemotherapy on recurrence in patients with stage Ta T1 bladder cancer. A systematic review was conducted of the published results of randomized clinical trials that compared intravesical instillations with respect to their number, frequency, timing, duration, dose, or dose intensity. One immediate instillation after transurethral resection (TUR) is recommended in all patients. In low-risk patients, no further treatment is recommended before recurrence. In patients with multiple tumors, one immediate instillation is insufficient treatment. Additional instillations may further reduce the recurrence rate; however, no recommendations can be made concerning their optimal duration. A short intensive schedule of instillations within the first 3-4 mo after an immediate instillation may be as effective as longer-term treatment schedules (grade C). Instillations during > or =1 yr in intermediate-risk patients seem advisable only when an immediate instillation has not been given (grade C). Higher drug conc...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Intravesical Injection
Antineoplastic Agents
Malignant Neoplasm of Urinary Bladder
Drug Administration Schedule
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
TNM Staging System
Urinary Bladder
Objective (Goal)
Treatment Protocols
Clinical Trials, Randomized

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