Apr 13, 2020

A Powerful Method for Pleiotropic Analysis under Composite Null Hypothesis Identifies Novel Shared Loci Between Type 2 Diabetes and Prostate Cancer

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Debashree Ray, N. Chatterjee

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that pleiotropy, the association of multiple traits with the same genetic variants/loci, is a very common phenomenon. Cross-phenotype association tests are often used to jointly analyze multiple traits from a GWAS. The underlying methods, however, are often designed to test the global null hypothesis that there is no association of a genetic variant with any of the traits, the rejection of which does not implicate pleiotropy. In this article, we propose a new statistical approach, PLACO, for specifically detecting pleiotropic loci between two traits by considering an underlying composite null hypothesis that a variant is associated with none or only one of the traits. We propose testing the null hypothesis based on the product of the Z-statistics of the SNPs across two studies and derive a null distribution of the test statistic in the form of a mixture distribution that allows for fractions of SNPs to be associated with none or only one of the traits. We borrow approaches from the statistical literature on mediation analysis that allow asymptotic approximation of the null distribution avoiding estimation of nuisance parameters related to mixture proportions and variance components. Simulation studi...Continue Reading

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