The shape and temporal dynamics of phylogenetic trees arising from geographic speciation

Systematic Biology
Alex L PigotC David L Orme


Phylogenetic trees often depart from the expectations of stochastic models, exhibiting imbalance in diversification among lineages and slowdowns in the rate of lineage accumulation through time. Such departures have led to a widespread perception that ecological differences among species or adaptation and subsequent niche filling are required to explain patterns of diversification. However, a key element missing from models of diversification is the geographical context of speciation and extinction. In this study, we develop a spatially explicit model of geographic range evolution and cladogenesis, where speciation arises via vicariance or peripatry, and explore the effects of these processes on patterns of diversification. We compare the results with those observed in 41 reconstructed avian trees. Our model shows that nonconstant rates of speciation and extinction are emergent properties of the apportioning of geographic ranges that accompanies speciation. The dynamics of diversification exhibit wide variation, depending on the mode of speciation, tendency for range expansion, and rate of range evolution. By varying these parameters, the model is able to capture many, but not all, of the features exhibited by birth-death trees...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1992·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S NeeP H Harvey
Jun 20, 1995·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R M Zink, J B Slowinski
May 28, 1994·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·S NeeP H Harvey
Apr 8, 1998·Science·Jonathan B LososL Rodriguez-Schettino
Feb 1, 2000·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·R K Colwell, D C Lees
Feb 7, 2001·The American Naturalist·Timothy G Barraclough, Alfried P Vogler
Sep 27, 2000·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·S GavriletsM D Vose
Jun 8, 2001·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·S Nee
Jun 21, 2001·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·O G Pybus, P H Harvey
Jul 17, 2001·Journal of Computational Biology : a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology·E Hubbell
Oct 30, 2001·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·S Magallón, M J Sanderson
Aug 13, 2003·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Enrique P LessaJames L Patton
Jan 22, 2004·Nature Reviews. Genetics·Chung-I Wu, Chau-Ti Ting
Nov 3, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Michael R W Brown, Arthur Kornberg
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·John J Wiens, Michael J Donoghue
Jun 3, 2006·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Jason T Weir
Jul 19, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Ole Seehausen
Sep 15, 2006·Systematic Biology·Michael G B Blum, Olivier François
Aug 23, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Lee Hsiang Liow, Nils Chr Stenseth
Sep 18, 2007·The American Naturalist·Anthony Waldron
Sep 18, 2007·The American Naturalist·Emma E Goldberg, Russell Lande
Oct 30, 2007·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Robert E Ricklefs
Nov 13, 2007·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Alexei J Drummond, Andrew Rambaut
Mar 28, 2008·PLoS Biology·Albert B Phillimore, Trevor D Price
Apr 19, 2008·The American Naturalist·Albert B PhillimoreIan P F Owens
Jul 5, 2008·The American Naturalist·Daniel Sol, Trevor D Price
Jul 10, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Daniel L Rabosky, Irby J Lovette
Aug 19, 2008·The American Naturalist·Robert P FreckletonM Pagel
Aug 19, 2008·Systematic Biology·Liam J RevellDavid C Collar
Sep 18, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Robert P Freckleton, Walter Jetz
Jul 1, 1997·The American Naturalist·Mark Kirkpatrick, N H Barton
Oct 4, 2008·Nature·Mark Kirkpatrick, Trevor D Price
Oct 15, 2008·The American Naturalist·Mark A McPeek
Oct 29, 2008·The American Naturalist·Robert E Ricklefs
Feb 7, 2009·Science·Dolph Schluter
Mar 24, 2009·The American Naturalist·Daniel L Rabosky
May 5, 2009·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Rebecca J Rundell, Trevor D Price
Dec 10, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jason T WeirDolph Schluter
Jan 27, 2010·The American Naturalist·Yael Kisel, Timothy G Barraclough
Apr 24, 2010·Ecology Letters·Alex L PigotC David L Orme
Aug 1, 1995·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·K J Willis, K D Bennett
Dec 1, 1996·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Stephen B Heard
Mar 1, 1999·The American Naturalist·Kai M A Chan, Brian R Moore


Dec 2, 2011·Biology Letters·Jonathan RollandHélène Morlon
Feb 8, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Fabricio VillalobosJosé Alexandre F Diniz-Filho
Aug 3, 2011·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Yael KiselC David L Orme
Sep 16, 2011·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Marianne Espeland, Jérôme Murienne
Sep 13, 2012·BMC Evolutionary Biology·David C MarshallChris Simon
Apr 25, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Luis M ValenteAlbert B Phillimore
Dec 15, 2015·The American Naturalist·Mikael PontarpPer Lundberg
Apr 18, 2014·The American Naturalist·Florian C BoucherSébastien Lavergne
May 28, 2015·Systematic Biology·Jessica W Leigh, David Bryant
Mar 17, 2015·Systematic Biology·Fanny GascuelAmaury Lambert
Sep 5, 2016·Systematic Biology·James S AlbertScott M Duke-Sylvester
Mar 7, 2013·Systematic Biology·Claire MorvanChristophe J Douady
Jan 11, 2013·Systematic Biology·Julia J DayTimo Moritz
Jan 28, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Thomas G AubierNicolas Chazot
Aug 3, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Laura R V AlencarHussam Zaher
Apr 12, 2016·The Journal of Animal Ecology·Christopher R CooneyJoseph A Tobias
Feb 19, 2014·Ecology Letters·Hélène Morlon
Sep 11, 2012·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Howard V Cornell
Feb 26, 2015·Ecology Letters·Marc ManceauHélène Morlon
Jun 25, 2015·Ecology Letters·Luis M ValenteRampal S Etienne
Jan 30, 2013·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Jason T Weir, Sara Mursleen
Mar 7, 2012·Ecology and Evolution·Nicolas HubertSerge Planes
Oct 5, 2011·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Elizabeth P DerryberryRobb T Brumfield
Mar 18, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Anne-Sophie Bonnet-LebrunAna S L Rodrigues
Apr 7, 2018·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Oscar Inostroza-MichaelMarcelo M Rivadeneira
Apr 19, 2018·Systematic Biology·Odile MalietAmaury Lambert
Jun 26, 2018·Systematic Biology·Carolina L N CostaMarcus A M de Aguiar
Jul 29, 2018·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Leonel Herrera-AlsinaRampal S Etienne
Jul 2, 2015·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Lucinda P LawsonSimon P Loader
Jan 10, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Susanne A FritzCarsten Rahbek
Dec 2, 2011·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Jofre CarnicerJosep Peñuelas
Oct 3, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Yael KiselTimothy G Barraclough
Jun 4, 2015·Ecology Letters·Nicolas HubertNicolas Mouquet
Aug 1, 2017·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·D A DuchêneL Bromham
Nov 14, 2019·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Meaghan Conway, Brian J Olsen
Nov 16, 2019·Systematic Biology·G Anthony VerboomWilliam A Freyman
May 6, 2017·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Vicente García-NavasJoaquín Ortego
Jul 5, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael K BorregaardCarsten Rahbek
Mar 13, 2014·Journal of Mathematical Biology·Amaury LambertRampal S Etienne
Jan 13, 2017·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Matthew P HeinickeAaron M Bauer
Nov 19, 2020·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Théo PannetierRampal S Etienne
Nov 4, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jaehee KimJulia A Palacios

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution
Human Geography
Genetic Speciation
Extinction, Species
Cell Growth
Biological Evolution

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.