The significance of routine duodenal biopsies in pediatric patients undergoing upper intestinal endoscopy
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Michal KoriRam Reifen
To determine the significance of performing routine duodenal biopsies during upper intestinal endoscopy in a pediatric population and to evaluate their contribution to the overall diagnosis. Performing duodenal biopsy during every upper endoscopy regardless of the indication for endoscopy and the macroscopic findings, is a controversial topic. Advocates of performing routine biopsies argue that unexpected pathology such as villous atrophy, may have significant clinical implications. Opponents argue that the yield of performing a biopsy on an apparently normal mucosa is low. Duodenal biopsies, routinely taken from 201 pediatric patients during upper endoscopy over a 26-month period were retrospectively reviewed. Duodenal biopsies taken during this period for suspected mucosal lesions were not included in the analysis. Indications for endoscopy included suspected peptic disease, gastroesophageal reflux, unexplained vomiting, abdominal pain, iron deficiency anemia and Crohn disease. Of the 201 sets of biopsies reviewed, 159 (79.1%) were normal, 7 had insufficient material for evaluation and 35 (17.4%) carried abnormalities that included: 10 Giardia lamblia (4.9%), 13 mild chronic inflammation (6.5%), and 8 increased intraepithelia...Continue Reading
Anemia develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia of inflammation (AI, also called anemia of chronic disease) is a common, typically normocytic, normochromic anemia that is caused by an underlying inflammatory disease. Here is the latest research on anemia.