Sep 27, 2003

The single tryptophan of the PsbQ protein of photosystem II is at the end of a 4-alpha-helical bundle domain

European Journal of Biochemistry
Mónica BalseraJavier De Las Rivas


We examined the microenvironment of the single tryptophan and the tyrosine residues of PsbQ, one of the three main extrinsic proteins of green algal and higher plant photosystem II. On the basis of this information and the previous data on secondary structure [Balsera, M., Arellano, J.B., Gutiérrez, J.R., Heredia, P., Revuelta, J.L. & De Las Rivas, J. (2003) Biochemistry42, 1000-1007], we screened structural models derived by combining various threading approaches. Experimental results showed that the tryptophan residue is partially buried in the core of the protein but still in a polar environment, according to the intrinsic fluorescence emission of PsbQ and the fact that fluorescence quenching by iodide was weaker than that by acrylamide. Furthermore, quenching by cesium suggested that a positively charged barrier shields the tryptophan microenvironment. Comparison of the absorption spectra in native and denaturing conditions indicated that one or two out of six tyrosines of PsbQ are buried in the core of the structure. Using threading methods, a 3D structural model was built for the C-terminal domain of the PsbQ protein family (residues 46-149), while the N-terminal domain is predicted to have a flexible structure. The model...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Protein Family
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Cytochrome b562 Activity
Tertiary Protein Structure
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Protein Conformation

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