PMID: 43740Sep 21, 1979

The sodium channel in non-impulsive cells. Interaction with specific neurotoxins

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
G RomeyM Lazdunski

Abstract

The cell line C9 used in this paper has a resting potential of --50 mV (+/- 10 mV) but is unable to generate an action potential upon electrical stimulation. The cell membrane has receptors for the selectivity filter toxin tetrodotoxin as well as for the gating system toxins, veratridine, scorpion toxin and sea anemone toxin. The Na+ channel which remains silent to electrical stimulation in the absence of toxins can be chemically activated by the gating system toxins. This has been demonstarted by electrophysiological techniques and by 22Na+ flux studies. The electrophysiological approach has shown that the sea anemone toxin is able to induce a spontaneous slow-wave activity inhibited by tetrodotoxin. 22Na+ influx analyses have shown that veratridine and the sea anemone toxin produce an important increase of the initial rate of 22Na+ influx into the C9 cell. The stimulation of 22Na+ entry by these gating system toxins is similar to that found using spiking neuroblastoma cells. Veratridine and the sea anemone toxin on one hand as well as veratridine and the scorpion toxin on the other hand are synergistic in their action to stabilize an open and highly permeable form of the sodium channel. Stimulation of 22Na+ entry into the cel...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Veratridine
Alpha-Neurotoxins
Central Neuroblastoma
Toxin
Resting Potentials
Action Potentials
Tetrodotoxin
Scorpion Venoms
Ion Channel
Neuroblastoma

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