Nov 8, 2018

The specificity of ParR binding determines the compatibility of conjugative plasmids in Clostridium perfringens

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Thomas D. WattsVicki Adams


Plasmids that encode the same replication machinery are generally unable to coexist in the same bacterial cell. However, Clostridium perfringens strains often carry multiple conjugative toxin or antibiotic resistance plasmids that are closely related and encode similar Rep proteins. In many bacteria, plasmid partitioning upon cell division involves a ParMRC system and there are ~10 different ParMRC families in C. perfringens, with differences in amino acid sequences between each ParM family (15% - 54% identity). Since plasmids encoding genes belonging to the same ParMRC family are not observed in the same strain, these families appear to represent the basis for plasmid compatibility in C. perfringens. To understand this process, we examined the key recognition steps between ParR DNA-binding proteins and their parC binding sites. The ParR proteins bound to sequences within a parC site from the same ParMRC family, but could not interact with a parC site from a different ParMRC family. These data provide evidence that compatibility of the conjugative toxin plasmids of C. perfringens is mediated by their parMRC-like partitioning systems. This process provides a selective advantage by enabling the host bacterium to maintain separate...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CCL18 gene
Bacterial cell
ParR protein, bacteria
Plasmid Partitioning
Toxins, Chimeric
Cell Division
Parm-1 protein, mouse
CUL9 gene

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