Aug 13, 2015

The Spontaneous Mutation Rate in the Fission Yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Genetics
Ashley FarlowMichael Lynch

Abstract

The rate at which new mutations arise in the genome is a key factor in the evolution and adaptation of species. Here we describe the rate and spectrum of spontaneous mutations for the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, a key model organism with many similarities to higher eukaryotes. We undertook an ∼1700-generation mutation accumulation (MA) experiment with a haploid S. pombe, generating 422 single-base substitutions and 119 insertion-deletion mutations (indels) across the 96 replicates. This equates to a base-substitution mutation rate of 2.00 × 10(-10) mutations per site per generation, similar to that reported for the distantly related budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, these two yeast species differ dramatically in their spectrum of base substitutions, the types of indels (S. pombe is more prone to insertions), and the pattern of selection required to counteract a strong AT-biased mutation rate. Overall, our results indicate that GC-biased gene conversion does not play a major role in shaping the nucleotide composition of the S. pombe genome and suggest that the mechanisms of DNA maintenance may have diverged significantly between fission and budding yeasts. Unexpectedly, CpG sites appear to be excessiv...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA Methylation [PE]
Patterns
Genome
Saccharomyces cerevisiae allergenic extract
DNA Stability
Gene Conversion of Immunoglobulin Genes
Natural Genetic Mutation
DNA Methylation
Gene Deletion
Yeasts

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