The stimulatory effect of 5HT and the role of the paraventricular nucleus on PMS induced ovulation in the immature rat

C A Wilson, C A Endersby


Immature rats can be induced to ovulate with pregnant mare serum (PMS) as long as they weigh over 60 g. In the rats weighing less than 60 g 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)-60 micrograms/rat intraventricularly or 2 micrograms/rat in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN)-stimulated ovulation. Injections into several other hypothalamic nuclei were ineffective. In rats weighing greater than 60 g, lesions of the PVN or injection of 10 micrograms/rat p-chlorophenylalanine into the PVN inhibited ovulation. The hypothalamic levels of 5HT and 5-hydroxy indole acetic acid (5HIAA) were generally lower in the afternoon and evening in the less than 60 g when compared with the greater than 60 g rats. It is possible that increased 5HT activity is required to stimulate ovulation and that its site of action is the PVN.

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