PMID: 6989359Jan 15, 1980Paper

The stimulus-secretion coupling of glucose-induced insulin release. Metabolism of glucose in K+-deprived islets

The Biochemical Journal
A SenerW J Malaisse


1. When pancreatic islets were exposed to a K(+)-free medium, the intracellular concentration of K(+) was decreased and that of Na(+) increased. 2. In the K(+)-deprived islets, the utilization of [5-(3)H]glucose, output of lactic acid and oxidation of [U-(14)C]-glucose were decreased by about 30-40% below the control values found at normal extracellular K(+) concentration (5.0mm). However, the oxidation of [U-(14)C]pyruvate was unaffected. 3. The omission of extracellular K(+) little affected the production of (14)CO(2) from islets prelabelled with [U-(14)C]palmitate and incubated in the absence of glucose, despite the fact that K(+) deprivation significantly increased the ATP concentration and ATP/ADP concentration ratio in the glucose-deprived islets. 4. At normal K(+) concentration, glucose increased the concentrations of phosphoenolpyruvate, NAD(P)H and ATP in the islets. In the glucose-stimulated islets, the concentration of phosphoenolpyruvate, but not that of either NAD(P)H or ATP, was higher in the absence than in the presence of extracellular K(+). In islet homogenates, the activity of pyruvate kinase (EC was stimulated by K(+) (optimal activity at 100-150mm-K(+)) and inhibited by Na(+) (except at very low K(...Continue Reading


Dec 1, 1986·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·P BergstenB Hellman
Oct 15, 1984·Experientia·A Sener, W J Malaisse
Jan 1, 1986·Diabetes/metabolism Reviews·M D Meglasson, F M Matschinsky
Jul 1, 1980·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·S KawazuW J Malaisse

Related Concepts

Adenine Nucleotides
Cations, Monovalent
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Islets of Langerhans

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.