DOI: 10.1101/486050Dec 3, 2018Paper

The STROBE: a system for closed-looped optogenetic control of freely feeding flies

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Pierre-Yves MussoMichael D Gordon

Abstract

Manipulating feeding circuits in freely moving animals is challenging, in part because the timing of sensory inputs is affected by the animal's behavior. To address this challenge in Drosophila, we developed the Sip-Triggered Optogenetic Behavior Enclosure ("STROBE"). The STROBE is a closed-looped system for real-time optogenetic activation of feeding flies, designed to evoke neural excitation coincident with food contact. We demonstrate that optogenetic stimulation of sweet sensory neurons in the STROBE drives attraction to tasteless food, while activation of bitter sensory neurons promotes avoidance. Moreover, feeding behavior in the STROBE is modified by the fly's internal state, as well as the presence of chemical taste ligands. We also find that mushroom body dopaminergic neurons and their respective post-synaptic partners drive opposing feeding behaviors following activation. Together, these results establish the STROBE as a new tool for dissecting fly feeding circuits and suggest a role for mushroom body circuits in processing naive taste responses.

Related Concepts

Drosophila
Food
Ligands
Neuroma
Afferent Neuron
Taste Perception
Sensory Disorders
Mushroom Body Development
Dopaminergic Neurons
Postsynaptic Membrane Organization

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