Jul 1, 1974

The Structure of Plant Cell Walls: VI. A Survey of the Walls of Suspension-cultured Monocots

Plant Physiology
D BurkeP Albersheim

Abstract

The primary cell walls of six suspension-cultured monocots and of a single suspension-cultured gymnosperm have been investigated with the following results: (a) the compositions of all six monocot cell walls are remarkably similar, despite the fact that the cell cultures were derived from diverse tissues; (b) the cell walls of suspension-cultured monocots differ substantially from those of suspension-cultured dicots and from the suspension-cultured gymnosperm; (c) an arabinoxylan is a major component (40% or more by weight) of monocot primary cell walls; (d) mixed beta-1,3; beta-1,4-glucans were found only in the cell wall preparations of rye grass endosperm cells, and not in the cell walls of any of the other five monocot cell cultures nor in the walls of suspension-cultured Douglas fir cells; (e) the monocot primary cell walls studied contain from 9 to 14% cellulose, 7 to 18% uronic acids, and 7 to 17% protein; (f) hydroxyproline accounts for less than 0.2% of the cell walls of monocots. Similar data on the soluble extracellular polysaccharides secreted by these cells are included.

Mentioned in this Paper

arabinoxylan
Extracellular
Cell Culture Techniques
Magnoliopsida
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Soluble
Hydroxyproline Measurement
Liliopsida
Cell Wall
Lolium (plant)

About this Paper

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