The structure of the nervous system of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
John G WhiteS Brenner

Abstract

The structure and connectivity of the nervous system of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been deduced from reconstructions of electron micrographs of serial sections. The hermaphrodite nervous system has a total complement of 302 neurons, which are arranged in an essentially invariant structure. Neurons with similar morphologies and connectivities have been grouped together into classes; there are 118 such classes. Neurons have simple morphologies with few, if any, branches. Processes from neurons run in defined positions within bundles of parallel processes, synaptic connections being made en passant. Process bundles are arranged longitudinally and circumferentially and are often adjacent to ridges of hypodermis. Neurons are generally highly locally connected, making synaptic connections with many of their neighbours. Muscle cells have arms that run out to process bundles containing motoneuron axons. Here they receive their synaptic input in defined regions along the surface of the bundles, where motoneuron axons reside. Most of the morphologically identifiable synaptic connections in a typical animal are described. These consist of about 5000 chemical synapses, 2000 neuromuscular junctions and 600 gap junctions.

References

Aug 10, 1976·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Donna G Albertson, J Nichol Thomson
Aug 10, 1976·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·John G WhiteS Brenner
Jul 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Antony O W StrettonI S Kass
Jan 1, 1979·Methods in Enzymology·B J Stevens, J G White
Mar 1, 1977·Developmental Biology·J E Sulston, H R Horvitz
Apr 1, 1977·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·J A Lewis, J A Hodgkin
Mar 1, 1976·Developmental Biology·D HirshM Klass
Oct 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Edward M Hedgecock, R L Russell
Dec 5, 1974·Journal of Molecular Biology·Robert H WaterstonS Brenner
Mar 1, 1973·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S Ward
Nov 15, 1966·Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character·J E Dowling, B B Boycott
Apr 1, 1974·The Journal of Experimental Zoology·D B Dusenbery
Jan 1, 1983·Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology·Y N JanL Y Jan
Jan 1, 1983·Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology·J E Sulston
Oct 1, 1983·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·P S Albert, D L Riddle
Nov 1, 1983·Developmental Biology·J E SulstonJ Nichol Thomson
Feb 4, 1983·Science·G M Edelman
Feb 1, 1983·Journal of Ultrastructure Research·F K NelsonD L Riddle
Apr 1, 1982·The Journal of Cell Biology·M Chalfie, J Nichol Thomson
Jun 15, 1980·Developmental Biology·Robert H WaterstonS Brenner
Aug 1, 1980·Developmental Biology·J E Sulston, John G White
Apr 23, 1981·Nature·D L RiddleP S Albert
Mar 1, 1981·Developmental Biology·M Chalfie, J E Sulston
Jul 23, 1981·Nature·H WässleB B Boycott
Aug 1, 1980·Developmental Biology·J E SulstonJ Nichol Thomson
Feb 1, 1958·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·V BRAITENBERG, R P ATWOOD

Citations

Sep 3, 1999·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·I Mano, M Driscoll
Dec 2, 1999·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·E R Troemel
Aug 1, 1992·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·J C WayA Y Wang
Feb 1, 1993·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·J M Young, Ian A Hope
Nov 1, 1996·Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology·S R Wicks, Catharine H Rankin
May 1, 1992·Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology·I S Zakharov, V N Ierusalimskii
Dec 1, 1996·Journal of Neurocytology·Howard A BaylisN J Lane
Feb 1, 1997·Journal of Molecular Neuroscience : MN·B Olde, W R McCombie
Nov 1, 2011·Experimental Brain Research·Collin Y Ewald, Chris Li
Jan 2, 2010·Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology·Yanfen ZhangDayong Wang
Nov 8, 2005·Biological cybernetics·Alexei A KoulakovDmitry N Tsigankov
Mar 20, 2008·Biological cybernetics·John Bryden, Netta Cohen
Apr 24, 2010·Biological cybernetics·Pengsheng ZhengWansheng Tang
Jul 25, 2012·Biological cybernetics·Peter A Appleby
Feb 8, 2007·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·Alexander Bounoutas, M Chalfie
Jan 9, 2007·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·Piali Sengupta
Jan 16, 2007·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·David D McKemy
Aug 10, 2006·Cell and Tissue Research·Mark SeifertRalf Baumeister
Aug 9, 2008·Invertebrate Neuroscience : in·Steven D Buckingham, David B Sattelle
Dec 2, 2010·Invertebrate Neuroscience : in·Sarah LuedtkeRobert J Walker
Aug 25, 2012·Invertebrate Neuroscience : in·Kevin P Curran, Sreekanth H Chalasani
May 26, 2006·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Paul W McDonaldRandy D Blakely
Sep 5, 2007·Journal of Computational Neuroscience·Jan KarbowskiPaul W Sternberg
Mar 23, 2012·Journal of Computational Neuroscience·Yuriy Mishchenko, Liam Paninski
Aug 4, 2009·Journal of Chemical Ecology·Fatma KaplanArthur S Edison
Sep 8, 2012·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Jingjuan JuDayong Wang
Jun 2, 2012·Cognitive Neurodynamics·Chunguang Li, Yuke Li
Feb 2, 2013·Cognitive Neurodynamics·Daqing Guo, Chunguang Li
Feb 23, 2011·Neuroinformatics·Ju Lu
May 13, 2011·Neuroinformatics·Paarth ChothaniArmen Stepanyants
Feb 22, 2012·Neuroinformatics·Oliver Schmitt, Peter Eipert
Dec 19, 2007·Theory in Biosciences = Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften·Anirban Banerjee, Jürgen Jost
Nov 17, 2009·Journal of Chemical Biology·Anne E WestonLucy M Collinson
Jun 1, 1992·Computers and Biomedical Research, an International Journal·W S Yamamoto, T B Achacoso
Oct 1, 1986·Developmental Biology·L A PerkinsJ G Culotti
Apr 1, 1988·Developmental Biology·P S Albert, D L Riddle
Apr 1, 1995·Toxicon : Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology·C TornøeDavid B Sattelle
Jan 1, 1996·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·P E Polani
Jan 1, 1993·Pharmacology & Therapeutics·R J Martin
Feb 12, 1990·Behavioural Brain Research·Catharine H RankinC M Chiba
May 1, 1996·Parasitology Today·Francis T Ashton, Gerhard A Schad
Sep 1, 1996·Parasitology Today·D J BrownleeR J Walker
Feb 1, 1993·Behavioural Processes·C D Beck, Catharine H Rankin
Jan 1, 1991·Experimental Gerontology·T E Johnson, G A Nelson
Oct 1, 1993·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C, Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology·D SmartK D Buchanan
Jan 1, 1990·Neuroscience Research. Supplement : the Official Journal of the Japan Neuroscience Society·S S Siddiqui
Feb 1, 1992·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·William G Wadsworth, Edward M Hedgecock
Aug 1, 1995·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·I C Griff, R R Reed
Jun 24, 2004·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·Yuishi Iwasaki, Sohei Gomi
Mar 17, 2004·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Kang Shen
Mar 10, 2004·Micron : the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy·D W Halton
Nov 19, 2003·Neural Networks : the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society·Rolf Kötter, Klaas E Stephan
Dec 18, 2008·Neurotoxicology and Teratology·Kirsten J HelmckeMichael Aschner
Feb 6, 2004·Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology·Russell D ColePhillip L Williams
Jun 7, 2005·Trends in Neurosciences·Armen Stepanyants, Dmitri B Chklovskii
Aug 28, 2003·Developmental Biology·Fern P FingerJohn G White
Sep 21, 2000·International Journal for Parasitology·P M LopezGerhard A Schad
Jul 16, 2002·International Journal for Parasitology·M J KimberA G Maule
Apr 29, 1998·International Journal for Parasitology·T R BürglinM L Blaxter
Jan 8, 1999·Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology·N S DelanyAdrian J Wolstenholme
Aug 24, 1999·Veterinary Parasitology·Francis T AshtonGerhard A Schad
Apr 13, 2001·Neuroscience·L SalkoffA Wei
Aug 30, 2002·Current Opinion in Genetics & Development·Stefan Thor, John B Thomas
Feb 28, 2002·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Yishi Jin
Feb 21, 2003·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Oliver Hobert, Hannes E Bülow
Aug 1, 1996·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·J M Kaplan
Jun 14, 2002·Current Biology : CB·Piali Sengupta
May 2, 2001·Parkinsonism & Related Disorders·R NassRandy D Blakely
Oct 20, 2005·Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering·Takahisa TajimaHisao Ohtake
Oct 22, 2009·Journal of Helminthology·M J G JohnstonA G Maule
Jan 1, 1991·Parasitology·Antony O W StrettonR E Davis
Jan 1, 1996·Parasitology·R J MartinI Murray
Jan 1, 1996·Parasitology·R E IsaacD Coates
Nov 16, 2011·Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics·Lu Gan, Grant J Jensen
Aug 16, 2013·Microscopy and Microanalysis : the Official Journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada·Hyun-Wook KimIm Joo Rhyu
Aug 18, 2009·Nature Methods·Fuhui LongEugene W Myers
Sep 1, 2009·Nature Methods·William A Mohler
Jun 10, 2008·Nature Neuroscience·Richard D EmesSeth G N Grant
Dec 28, 2010·Nature Neuroscience·Hannah M Teichmann, Kang Shen
Mar 28, 2012·Nature Neuroscience·Matteo Carandini
Mar 6, 2012·Nature Neuroscience·Karl Emanuel BuschMario de Bono
Sep 10, 2013·Nature Neuroscience·Sarah G Leinwand, Sreekanth H Chalasani
Dec 17, 2009·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Narayanan Kasthuri, Jeff W Lichtman
Feb 5, 2009·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Ed Bullmore, Olaf Sporns
Jun 6, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Elissa A Hallem, Paul W Sternberg
Mar 1, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sophie JarriaultIva Greenwald
Jun 28, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Shalev ItzkovitzEran Segal
Apr 1, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Robert J Morgan, Ivan Soltesz
Oct 15, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Timothy R MahoneyMichael L Nonet
Aug 1, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·David BironPiali Sengupta
Nov 27, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Avi Ma'ayanGustavo Stolovitzky
Dec 24, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Oliver Hobert
Jan 24, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Milica A MargetaKang Shen
Nov 18, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Alfonso Pérez-EscuderoGonzalo G de Polavieja
Mar 12, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jin I LeeN D L'Etoile
Aug 18, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Takashi HiroseH R Horvitz
Jan 21, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Shangbang Gao, Mei Zhen
Apr 20, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ryo IwataYuichi Iino
Dec 3, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kate MilwardBirgitta Olofsson
May 25, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anusha NarayanPaul W Sternberg
Oct 19, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yicong WuHari Shroff
Oct 5, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andrés G Vidal-GadeaJonathan T Pierce-Shimomura
Nov 17, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Irini Topalidou, M Chalfie
Apr 3, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Petra E VértesEdward T Bullmore
Apr 26, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yingchuan B QiYishi Jin
Sep 29, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Xiaodong Zhang, Yun Zhang
Jul 31, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Bernat Corominas-MurtraCarlos Rodríguez-Caso
Nov 22, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·A N NathooAnne C Hart
Sep 1, 1999·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·N Wittenburg, Ralf Baumeister
Oct 8, 2004·Network : Computation in Neural Systems·Kazumi Sakata, Ryuzo Shingai
Aug 3, 2010·Antioxidants & Redox Signaling·Kelvin YenHeidi A Tissenbaum
Dec 29, 2005·Astrobiology·Nathaniel J SzewczykCatharine A Conley
Dec 20, 2012·Brain Connectivity·Yasser Iturria-Medina
Jun 10, 2010·Bioinformatics·Ranga SrinivasanStephen T C Wong
Jun 10, 2010·Bioinformatics·Stephan SaalfeldPavel Tomancak
Jun 18, 2010·Bioinformatics·John M O RanolaKenneth Lange
Jul 3, 2013·Bioinformatics·Saket NavlakhaZiv Bar-Joseph
Apr 11, 2007·Cerebral Cortex·Armen StepanyantsDmitri B Chklovskii
Oct 31, 2009·Nucleic Acids Research·Jun TakayamaYuichi Iino
Jun 21, 2008·Toxicological Sciences : an Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology·Maxwell C K LeungJoel N Meyer
Jan 29, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Erik J Ragsdale, James G Baldwin
Sep 7, 2011·Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences·Gorka Zamora-LópezJürgen Kurths
Jul 7, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·David Parker
Jul 7, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Vladimir Brezina
Feb 15, 2011·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Arjen J BoenderGerard van der Velde
Oct 24, 2006·Genes, Brain, and Behavior·C M Ebrahimi, Catharine H Rankin
Sep 28, 2012·Genes, Brain, and Behavior·H L LauCatharine H Rankin
May 8, 2010·Science·Meital Oren-SuissaBenjamin Podbilewicz
Nov 5, 2011·Science·Jeff W Lichtman, Winfried Denk
Jul 28, 2012·Science·Travis A JarrellScott W Emmons
Jul 28, 2012·Science·Dmitri B Chklovskii, Cornelia I Bargmann
Nov 1, 2012·Science·Scott W Emmons
Mar 17, 1995·Science·Jane E MendelPaul W Sternberg
Jul 13, 2013·Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology·Andrew D Chisholm
Oct 23, 2003·Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology·Jonathan M Scholey
Nov 11, 2006·Annual Review of Genetics·William Schafer
Apr 7, 2010·Annual Review of Neuroscience·Kang Shen, Peter Scheiffele
Jun 27, 2009·Annual Review of Neuroscience·Brian A WiltMark J Schnitzer
Apr 8, 1998·Annual Review of Neuroscience·Cornelia I Bargmann, J M Kaplan
Jun 26, 2004·Annual Review of Neuroscience·Barry W Connors, Michael A Long
Jul 19, 2005·Annual Review of Neuroscience·Mario de Bono, Andres V Maricq
Nov 5, 2002·Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology·Richard Nass, Randy D Blakely
Jan 1, 1997·Annual Review of Physiology·Nektarios Tavernarakis, M Driscoll
Jan 14, 2003·Annual Review of Physiology·Miriam B Goodman, Erich M Schwarz
Aug 16, 2006·Neuro-degenerative Diseases·Evelyn BraungartMarius C Hoener
Dec 16, 1998·Artificial Life·H KitanoS Luke
Jul 19, 2011·Artificial Life·Christoph AdamiArend Hintze
Nov 20, 2009·Neural Computation·Srinivas C TuragaH Sebastian Seung
Nov 24, 2004·BMC Bioinformatics·Manuel MiddendorfChris Wiggins
Jun 2, 2007·BMC Developmental Biology·Claes AxängMarc Pilon
Apr 11, 2008·BMC Developmental Biology·Claes AxängMarc Pilon
Feb 9, 2005·BMC Genetics·Christopher J CroninPaul W Sternberg
Mar 23, 2005·BMC Genomics·Rebecca M FoxDavid M Miller
Jul 5, 2013·BMC Neuroscience·Aylia MohammadiWilliam S Ryu
Apr 8, 2006·BMC Neuroscience·Samuel H ChungAravinthan Dt Samuel
Oct 19, 2007·BMC Neuroscience·George D Tsibidis, Nektarios Tavernarakis
Dec 3, 2004·BMC Biology·Markus ReiglDmitri B Chklovskii
Dec 17, 2008·BMC Biology·Jagan SrinivasanPaul W Sternberg
Nov 11, 2010·Frontiers in Zoology·Stefan RichterSteffen Harzsch
Apr 24, 2013·Behavioral and Brain Functions : BBF·Mahlet D MershaS Harbinder
May 13, 2010·Biology Direct·Arend Hintze, Christoph Adami
Apr 4, 2009·Neural Development·Valentin SchwarzHarald Hutter
Dec 3, 2010·Neural Development·Andrew D GoldsmithOliver Hobert
Oct 20, 2005·Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering·T TajimaHisao Ohtake
Oct 29, 2004·PLoS Biology·Olaf Sporns, Rolf Kötter
Mar 2, 2005·PLoS Biology·Sen SongDmitri B Chklovskii
Aug 15, 2006·PLoS Biology·Andy J ChangCornelia I Bargmann
Feb 13, 2009·PLoS Biology·Ju LuJeff W Lichtman
Apr 29, 2011·PLoS Biology·Mark Blaxter
Sep 29, 2011·PLoS Biology·Leonie KirszenblatMassimo A Hilliard
Oct 31, 2012·PLoS Biology·Anthony M ZadorIan D Peikon
Apr 5, 2008·PLoS Computational Biology·Greg J StephensWilliam S Ryu
Sep 27, 2008·PLoS Computational Biology·Mark Müller-LinowMarc-Thorsten Hütt
Jan 22, 2011·PLoS Computational Biology·Sreedevi Varier, Marcus Kaiser
Jan 22, 2011·PLoS Computational Biology·Leon French, Paul Pavlidis
Feb 10, 2011·PLoS Computational Biology·Lav R VarshneyDmitri B Chklovskii
Apr 5, 2013·PLoS Computational Biology·Brad Busse, Stephen Smith
Dec 2, 2008·PLoS Genetics·Queelim Ch'ngJoshua M Kaplan
Aug 12, 2010·PLoS Genetics·Katherine Olsson-Carter, Frank J Slack
Jul 31, 2009·PloS One·Amalia Z BernaStephen C Trowell
Sep 3, 2010·PloS One·Karen E JoyceSatoru Hayasaka
Mar 17, 2011·PloS One·Jifeng QianChristoph Adami
May 3, 2011·PloS One·Christian SchultheisAlexander Gottschalk
Jun 23, 2011·PloS One·Limin HaoJonathan M Scholey
May 26, 2012·PloS One·Ayako OkazakiShin Takagi
Jun 22, 2012·PloS One·Loic RoyerMichael Schroeder
Jun 23, 2012·PloS One·Albert CardonaRodney J Douglas
Sep 7, 2012·PloS One·Cornelia SchmittAlexander Gottschalk
Feb 6, 2013·PloS One·Carmie Puckett RobinsonPaul W Sternberg
Feb 26, 2013·PloS One·Namseop KwonJung Ho Je
Apr 9, 2013·PloS One·Swami IyerZhen Wang
Feb 4, 2014·PloS One·Daniel de Santos-SierraStefano Boccaletti
Mar 4, 2014·PloS One·Diego V BohórquezRodger A Liddle
Mar 21, 2001·Pharmacogenomics·E M LinkL X Liu
Aug 11, 2010·Zoological Science·Tetsuya MatsuuraMitsuyuki Ichinose
Feb 1, 2008·HFSP Journal·Ashesh Dhawale, Upinder S Bhalla
Aug 31, 2013·Molecular Neurobiology·Iveta M PetrovaJasprina N Noordermeer
Jan 17, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jeremy C Gray, Asher D Cutter
Jan 7, 2014·Trends in Neurosciences·Jonathan D PollockJ S Satterlee
Dec 16, 1997·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S HarbinderM Driscoll
Mar 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Beth L ChenDmitri B Chklovskii
May 27, 1997·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·H LiG P Hess
Sep 27, 2000·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Luis A N AmaralH E Stanley
Dec 22, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Elissa A HallemNiels Ringstad
Apr 11, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jan BurghoornGert Jansen
Oct 19, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Alfonso Pérez-Escudero, Gonzalo G de Polavieja
Apr 25, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jean-Pierre Eckmann, Elisha Moses
Feb 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Zhirong BaoRobert H Waterston
May 2, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Hannes E BülowOliver Hobert
Feb 28, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Richard NassRandy D Blakely
Jul 29, 2003·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ji Ying Sze, G Ruvkun
Feb 20, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Linjiao LuoAravinthan Dt Samuel
Feb 20, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Navin PokalaCornelia I Bargmann
Sep 27, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·E L PeckolCornelia I Bargmann
Mar 29, 2000·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Z A PeterlinR Yuste
Jul 16, 2011·Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering·Mehmet Fatih YanikCarlos Pardo-Martin
Oct 20, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Michael Y ChaoAnne C Hart
May 16, 2014·Biological cybernetics·Michelle Rudolph-Lilith, Lyle E Muller
May 14, 2014·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Nadia Carreon, Zen Faulkes
Mar 29, 2014·ELife·Malan Silva, Maureen M Barr
Sep 3, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Marc-Thorsten HüttClaus C Hilgetag
Sep 3, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Jinseop S Kim, Marcus Kaiser
Sep 3, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Petra E VértesEdward T Bullmore
May 21, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Joshua RussellJonathan T Pierce-Shimomura
Apr 3, 2014·Neuroinformatics·Yi-Hsuan LeeChung-Chuan Lo
Dec 7, 2010·Annual Review of Clinical Psychology·Edward T Bullmore, Danielle S Bassett
Jul 17, 2014·Nature Communications·Ithai RabinowitchWilliam Schafer
Nov 22, 2014·Nature Communications·Amanda L FryKenneth R Norman
Jan 1, 2015·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·Victoria ButlerWilliam Schafer
Sep 23, 2014·Trends in Immunology·Joshua D Meisel, Dennis H Kim
Aug 26, 2014·Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology·Shaul Yogev, Kang Shen
Jan 3, 2015·Current Clinical Microbiology Reports·Robert M Greenberg
Jan 1, 1994·Genetica·L De RisoP Bazzicalupo
Nov 19, 2013·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Stephen M SmithDavid C Van Essen
Nov 19, 2013·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Mikail Rubinov, Ed Bullmore
Oct 1, 1995·Current Opinion in Genetics & Development·I C Griff, R R Reed
Aug 28, 2003·Médecine sciences : M/S·Christelle Gally, Jean-Louis Bessereau
Jun 10, 2014·FEBS Letters·Rainer W Friedrich, Martin T Wiechert
Mar 28, 2012·The Journal of Cell Biology·Andrea K H Stavoe, Daniel A Colón-Ramos
Feb 6, 2008·The Journal of Cell Biology·Marc HammarlundErik M Jorgensen
May 17, 2000·The Journal of Cell Biology·Marc HammarlundErik M Jorgensen
Jun 18, 2002·Cell Communication & Adhesion·T StarichJ E Shaw
Dec 4, 2015·ELife·Ryan ChristensenHari Shroff
Dec 26, 2015·Current Biology : CB·Michael P Hart, Oliver Hobert
Feb 9, 2016·Genes to Cells : Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms·Takashi FukuzonoN Hisamoto
May 17, 2015·FEBS Letters·Kyung Won Kim, Yishi Jin
Oct 21, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Shin-ya TakemuraLouis K Scheffer
Jan 19, 2016·Frontiers in Neuroanatomy·Ziduan HanNathan E Schroeder
Jan 19, 2016·Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience·Mu Qiao, Joshua R Sanes
Aug 14, 2013·The Journal of Physiology·Theodore C Hirst, Richard R Ribchester
Feb 26, 2016·Mitochondrion·Silvia Maglioni, Natascia Ventura
Feb 12, 2014·Drug Discovery Today·Layla Aitlhadj, Stephen R Stürzenbaum
Aug 2, 2015·Free Radical Biology & Medicine·T Keith BlackwellMeltem Isik
Jan 15, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Alon ZaslaverPaul W Sternberg
Feb 24, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anusha NarayanPaul W Sternberg
Jun 24, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Lorenz A Fenk, Mario de Bono
Dec 17, 2015·Microscopy·Nobuhiko OhnoSei Saitoh
Feb 24, 2016·ELife·Ganesh K Kumar
Nov 7, 2015·Molecular Biology of the Cell·Harald Hutter, Donald Moerman
Dec 30, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jeffrey P NguyenAndrew M Leifer
Feb 5, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Thomas R Clandinin, Miriam B Goodman
Jan 17, 2015·Cell·George A LemieuxKaveh Ashrafi
Oct 10, 2012·Neuroscience Research·Ayako Okazaki, Shin Takagi
Jun 16, 2012·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Serge FaumontShawn R Lockery
Jan 31, 2012·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Leslie C Griffith
Dec 8, 2011·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Howard A Baylis, Rafael P Vázquez-Manrique
Dec 3, 2011·Bio Systems·Anirban Banerjee
Jan 5, 2016·Cell Reports·Kyogo KobayashiI Mori
Aug 23, 2011·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Wei-Chung Allen Lee, R Clay Reid
Aug 16, 2011·Trends in Neurosciences·David H Hall, M Treinin
Sep 13, 2011·Trends in Cell Biology·Lizhen Chen, Andrew D Chisholm
Jul 19, 2011·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Shawn R Lockery
Sep 24, 2015·Annual Review of Psychology·Olaf Sporns, Richard F Betzel
Oct 12, 2010·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Nancy G Forger, Geert J de Vries
Aug 31, 2010·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Viren JainSrinivas C Turaga
Sep 14, 2010·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Dmitri B ChklovskiiLouis K Scheffer
Aug 18, 2010·Journal of Neuroscience Methods·Tolga TasdizenRobert E Marc
Aug 24, 2010·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Adish Dani, Bo Huang
Aug 4, 2010·Current Opinion in Cell Biology·Carl Procko, Shai Shaham
Nov 10, 2009·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Piali Sengupta, Aravinthan Dt Samuel
Nov 28, 2009·Neural Networks : the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society·Pengsheng ZhengJianxiong Zhang
Mar 2, 2016·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·L Rene Garcia, Douglas S Portman
Aug 12, 2009·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Arthur S Edison
Jul 4, 2009·Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety·Xiaojuan XingDayong Wang
Jul 1, 2009·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Hrvoje Augustin, Linda Partridge
Jun 9, 2009·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Kenichi Nakazato, Atsushi Mochizuki
Apr 14, 2009·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Moritz HelmstaedterWinfried Denk
Apr 4, 2009·Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology·Kirsten J HelmckeMichael Aschner
Jul 1, 2009·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·Xiaojuan XingDayong Wang
May 1, 2009·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·Min Du, Dayong Wang
Nov 21, 2015·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·Steven J HussonInge Mertens
Sep 6, 2008·Neurobiology of Learning and Memory·Andrew C Giles, Catharine H Rankin
Sep 20, 2008·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Jeff W Lichtman, Joshua R Sanes
Apr 14, 2016·Worm·Naina Kurup, Yishi Jin
Jul 16, 2008·Bio Systems·Jordan H Boyle, Netta Cohen
Jun 10, 2008·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Milica A MargetaBrock Grill
Jul 12, 2008·Medical Image Analysis·Elizabeth JurrusRoss T Whitaker
Jun 17, 2008·Current Opinion in Microbiology·Yun Zhang
Mar 18, 2008·Journal of Neuroscience Methods·Kuang-Man HuangWilliam Schafer
Jan 15, 2008·Neuroscience Research·Ryota AdachiRyuzo Shingai
Mar 2, 2016·Journal of Neuroscience Methods·Stefan WernitznigGerd Leitinger
Oct 16, 2007·Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences·Roger PocockOliver Hobert
Nov 25, 2015·Frontiers in Neuroanatomy·Ignacio Arganda-CarrerasH Sebastian Seung
Jul 24, 2007·Current Opinion in Genetics & Development·Marie Silhankova, Hendrik C Korswagen
Jun 22, 2007·Brain Research Reviews·Mihail Bota, Larry W Swanson
Mar 23, 2007·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Tetsuya MatsuuraMitsuyuki Ichinose
Feb 3, 2007·Brain Research Reviews·Larry W Swanson
Sep 15, 2015·Cell Reports·Johannes LarschCornelia I Bargmann
Dec 7, 2013·Journal of Molecular Signaling·Pratima PandeyHarbinder S Dhillon
Dec 12, 2013·Journal of Molecular Signaling·Chun-Hao ChenChun-Liang Pan
Oct 7, 2015·Progress in Neurobiology·Clarke R Slater
Mar 2, 2012·Scientific Reports·Konstantin KlemmMaxi San Miguel
May 6, 2009·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Tetsuya MatsuuraMitsuyuki Ichinose
Jul 22, 2009·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·Zeynep AltunDavid H Hall
Jul 17, 2009·Journal of Biophotonics·Samuel H Chung, Eric Mazur
Nov 28, 2008·American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics : the Official Publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics·George S ZubenkoMiguel Estevez
Jun 10, 2008·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Shin-ya TakemuraIan A Meinertzhagen
Mar 14, 2008·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Justin R DavisCatharine H Rankin
Jan 29, 2008·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·Benjamin AbramsYishi Jin
Jan 25, 2007·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Janice H Imai, Ian A Meinertzhagen
Feb 5, 2008·British Journal of Pharmacology·N S Millar
Mar 16, 2016·Scientific Reports·Nicholas F TrojanowskiChristopher Fang-Yen
Mar 8, 2012·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·Cornelia I Bargmann
Mar 30, 2011·IUBMB Life·Lesley TillemanSylvia Dewilde
Jun 10, 2011·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·Katherine Olsson-Carter, Frank J Slack
Jan 5, 2011·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine·Genevieve Konopka
Aug 1, 2012·Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry·Pei-Chun L HsuMark R H Hurst
Jan 22, 2011·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Olaf Sporns
Oct 20, 2011·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·Stuart J GriceDavid B Sattelle
Mar 30, 2013·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Andrew D Chisholm, Suhong Xu
Apr 13, 2013·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Tetsuya MatsuuraYasuaki Kobayashi
Apr 20, 2012·Genes to Cells : Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms·Nana NishioI Mori
Jun 5, 2013·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Asuka NishinoTetsuya Matsuura
Jan 1, 2012·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Thomas Boulin, Oliver Hobert
Feb 19, 2013·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Adam J Schindler, David R Sherwood
Oct 12, 2013·Journal of Microscopy·I Wacker, R R Schroeder
Mar 4, 2011·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Paola RamoinoRenata Manconi
May 11, 2011·Developmental Neurobiology·Guo-Ying Yang, Zhen-Ge Luo
May 11, 2011·Developmental Neurobiology·Chan-Yen Ou, Kang Shen
Dec 3, 2014·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·Petra E Vértes, Edward T Bullmore
Jan 23, 2015·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Karolina Mizeracka, Maxwell G Heiman
Aug 1, 2015·Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS·Lin Li, Xiang-Jiao Yang
Sep 30, 2014·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Scott W Emmons
Jan 31, 2014·Genesis : the Journal of Genetics and Development·Yi-Wen HsiehChiou-Fen Chuang
Jan 29, 2010·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·Joshua W Ziel, David R Sherwood
Feb 11, 2014·Genesis : the Journal of Genetics and Development·Oliver Hobert
Jan 9, 2010·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Jennifer Cho Nanda, Antony O W Stretton
Oct 12, 2013·Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists·Andrea K KalisJennifer Ross Wolff
Aug 9, 2013·IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging· Tao HuDmitri B Chklovskii
Jun 19, 2013·IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging·Carlos BeckerPascal Fua
Jul 23, 2014·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·Ayala GreenblumJ Sznitman
Jan 27, 2009·Neurotoxicology and Teratology·Windy A BoydJonathan H Freedman
Jul 28, 2012·IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics·Saurav BasuScott Acton
Apr 15, 2010·IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks·Daqing Guo, Chunguang Li
Aug 13, 1993·Cell·Cornelia I BargmannH R Horvitz
Jan 20, 2009·IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging·Andrew Zalesky, Alex Fornito
Oct 12, 2007·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·Nicolas RousselBadrinath Roysam
Oct 7, 2004·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Christopher T Zugates, Tzumin Lee
Aug 4, 2004·Neuroscience Research·Tokumitsu WakabayashiRyuzo Shingai
Jul 29, 2004·Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology·Richard KomunieckiPatricia R Komuniecki
Aug 1, 1994·Current Opinion in Genetics & Development·J G Culotti
Oct 20, 2004·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·Wei GengWilliam Schafer
Mar 31, 2016·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Martijn P van den HeuvelOlaf Sporns
Sep 12, 2006·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Kevin L Briggman, Winfried Denk
Sep 22, 2006·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Edward M Callaway, Joshua R Sanes
Aug 29, 2006·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Shai Shaham
Apr 12, 2016·Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience·Nicholas B AngstmanChristoph Schmitz
Jul 16, 2015·Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry·Christopher J KonopAntony O W Stretton
Jan 19, 2006·Journal of Neuroscience Methods·Hiroko ItoI Mori
Feb 10, 2006·Journal of Neuroscience Methods·Alexander Gottschalk, William Schafer
Sep 1, 2015·Experimental Brain Research·Edward J Tehovnik, Lewis L Chen
Oct 6, 2005·Trends in Neurosciences·Scott J DouglasMarla B Sokolowski
Sep 17, 2005·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Ryuzo ShingaiTetsuya Matsuura
Aug 9, 2005·Artificial Intelligence in Medicine·Michiyo SuzukiHisao Ohtake
May 4, 2005·Trends in Neurosciences·Klas Kullander
Jul 6, 2014·Neuroscience·E N AllenJoy Alcedo
Sep 1, 2006·Analytical Biochemistry·Ann K Corsi
Oct 3, 2015·Worm·Ithai Rabinowitch, William Schafer
Sep 19, 2014·Neuron·H Sebastian Seung, Uygar Sümbül
Apr 4, 2015·Current Opinion in Neurobiology·Ichiro Aoki, I Mori
Aug 21, 2015·Neuron·Nikolaos StefanakisOliver Hobert
Sep 16, 2015·Nature Communications·Stuart IbsenSreekanth H Chalasani
Apr 25, 2015·Journal of Microscopy·A A WannerChristel Genoud
Dec 5, 2014·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology·Salvatore J Cherra, Yishi Jin
Jun 23, 2015·Developmental Cell·Patricia M Gordon, Oliver Hobert
Jun 24, 2015·Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology·Rui XiaoX Z Shawn Xu