Apr 23, 1976

The subcellular distribution and partial characterization of cholinesterase activities of canine platelets

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
K M LovetteR G Mason

Abstract

The multiple cholinesterase activities in canine platelets have been investigated. Platelets were homogenized by rapid decompression under nitrogen, glass tube/Teflon pestle, and glycerol lysis techniques. Rapid decompression under nitrogen technique was found to be the most efficient and gentle method for cell disruption. Homogenates were subfractionated using sodium diatrizoate density gradients. Marker enzyme assays and pulse labeling experiments with 5-hydroxyl[14C] tryptamine and [125I] thrombin on prepared subcellular fractions confirmed that the soluble, plasma membrane and the granule-1 fractions were all in reasonably pure form. Furthermore, labeling of the plasma membrane with [125I] thrombin is cited as the first successful attempt at attaining significantly bound marker for this structure. Cholinesterase activity distributions measured in these fractions indicated that about 30% of the activity was present in the plasma membrane, 50% in granule-1 and 5% in soluble fractions. Kinetic data of cholinesterase activities obtained from intact platelets, plasma membrane preparations and platelet release supernatants indicated that they are strikingly similar.

  • References4
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Beta-N-Acetylglucosaminidase
Glycerin
Teflon
BCHE
F2 gene
Pseudocholinesterase
Thrombin
Tryptamine
Cholinesterase Inhibitors, Reversible

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