PMID: 4344004Jul 1, 1972

The subcellular distribution of triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase in guinea-pig brain

The Biochemical Journal
A SheltawyD Borrill

Abstract

1. Some properties of the triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase from the homogenates of guinea-pig brain were studied. The enzyme has an optimum pH range 6.7-7.3, is stimulated with KCl at a concentration of 0.1m, and under these conditions has K(m)1.43x10(-4)m. 2. A factor from the ;pH5 supernatant' of guinea-pig brain stimulates the enzyme activity over and above the stimulation produced by KCl. Subcellular fractions of guinea-pig brain varied in their response to the ;pH5 supernatant'. Maximum stimulation was observed with the P(1) fraction, containing myelin and nuclei. 3. An assay system for the enzyme was developed that contained optimum concentrations of both KCl and the ;pH5 supernatant'. Acid phosphatases were inhibited by NaF, but, in contrast with previous work, no EDTA was added to the assay system to inhibit the alkaline phosphatases. This reagent inhibited the triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase. It was estimated that the remaining fraction of non-specific phosphatases can account for only 14% of the observed triphosphoinositide phosphomonoesterase activity. 4. Subcellular fractions of guinea-pig brain were characterized by electron microscopy and subcellular markers. The triphosphoinositide phosphomonoester...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Acid Phosphatase
Alkaline Phosphatase
Brain
Cell Nucleus
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
Fluorides
Cavia porcellus
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Electron Microscopy
Nucleotidases

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.