Jul 25, 2003

The sulfation pattern of chondroitin sulfate from articular cartilage explants in response to mechanical loading

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Katrin SauerlandJürgen Steinmeyer

Abstract

Chondrocytes within articular cartilage experience complete unloading between loading cycles thereby utilizing mechanical signals to regulate their own anabolic and catabolic activities. Structural alterations of proteoglycans (PGs) during aging and the development of osteoarthritis (OA) have been reported; whether these can be attributed to altered load or compression is largely unknown. We report here on experiments in which the effect of intermittent loading on the fine structure of newly synthesized chondroitin sulfate (CS) in bovine articular cartilage explants was examined. Tissues were subjected for 6 days to cyclic compressive pressure using a sinusoidal waveform of 0.1, 0.5 or 1.0 Hz frequency with a peak stress of 0.5 MPa for a period of 5, 10 or 20 s, followed by an unloading period lasting 10, 100 or 1000 s. During the final 18 h of the culture, cartilage explants were radiolabeled with 50 microCi/ml D-6-[3H]glucosamine, and newly synthesized as well as endogenous CS chains were isolated after proteinase solubilization of the tissue. CS chains were depolymerized with chondroitinase ABC and ACII, and the 3H-digestion products were quantified after fractionation by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography using ...Continue Reading

  • References38
  • Citations14

Mentioned in this Paper

Chondroitin Sulfate, Zinc Salt
Abnormal Degeneration
Degenerative Polyarthritis
Proteoglycan
Structure of Articular Cartilage
Chromatography
Sulfur
Bos taurus
Catabolic Process
Disaccharides

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