Jul 1, 1980

The synthesis and possible transport of specific proteins by cells associated with brain capillaries

Journal of Neurochemistry
F P White

Abstract

Vinblastine causes alterations in the subcellular distribution of certain proteins synthesized by telencephalon slices. Proteins in various subcellular fractions were separated according to their molecular weight by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and radioactive proteins were determined by autofluorography. A microvascular fraction contained very high amounts of radioactivity in proteins with a molecular weight of 71,000. At least one of these proteins accumulated in the microvascular fraction when the telencephalon slices were incubated in vinblastine. At the same time these proteins became depleted in a myelinated axon fraction, microsomal fraction, and soluble/cytosol fraction. Vinblastine also affected the subcellular distribution of some proteins with a molecular weight below 27,00, but unlike the proteins of mol. wt. 71,000 none of these were synthesized at very high rates. Vinblastine did not effect the synthesis of protein in telencephalon slices, nor did it alter the subcellular fractionation of particles and organelles from slices. It is suggested that a non-neuronal vinblastine-sensitive protein translocation system is functioning within the cells of the microvascular network in telencepha...Continue Reading

  • References18
  • Citations14

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Microvascular Network
Vinblastine
SDS-PAGE
Subcellular Fractionation
Telencephalon
Soluble
Electrophoresis, Disc
Neuronal
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Subcellular Fractions

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.