PMID: 2033581May 1, 1991

The synthesis and potassium channel blocking activity of some (4-methanesulfonamidophenoxy)propanolamines as potential class III antiarrhythmic agents

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
S P ConnorsD A Terrar

Abstract

The synthesis of 22 (4-methanesulfonamidophenoxy)propanolamines and their testing on isolated guinea pig cardiac myocytes, on isolated preparations from guinea pig atria, and on rat blood pressure are described. Secondary amines in the series (11a-f) showed residual beta-blocking activity, whereas incorporation of N-methyl phenylalkyl and 4-phenyl alicyclic amine groups abolished beta-blocking activity but led to enhanced ability to block the channel conducting the delayed rectified potassium current, and hence produced an increase in the cardiac action potential duration (APD). Incorporation of hydrophobic Cl and CF3 groups further enhanced potassium channel blocking activity. Compounds 81 and 8m produced a significant increase in APD at nanomolar concentrations, with no effect on cardiac muscle conduction velocity, and hence merit further investigation as Class III antiarrhythmic agents. Methylation of the methanesulfonamido group abolished channel-blocking activity; 4-carboxy and 3-methanesulfonamido analogues retained activity but at a reduced level.

Related Concepts

Cardiac Depressants
Cavia porcellus
Pulse Rate
Propanolamines
Structure-Activity Relationship
Potassium Channel

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