PMID: 2986139May 1, 1985

The telomeric region of the human X chromosome long arm: presence of a highly polymorphic DNA marker and analysis of recombination frequency

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
I OberléJ L Mandel

Abstract

A DNA fragment (named St14) derived from the human X chromosome reveals a small family of related sequences that have been mapped to the Xq26-Xq28 region by using a panel of rodent-human somatic cell hybrids. The probe detects in human DNA digested by Taq I a polymorphic system defined by a series of at least eight allelic fragments with a calculated heterozygosity in females of 80%. With Msp I, we found three additional restriction fragment length polymorphisms, each of them being defined by two alleles. These polymorphisms are also common in Caucasian populations. The genetic locus defined by probe St14 has been localized more precisely to the distal end of the X chromosome (in band q28) by linkage analysis to other polymorphic DNA markers. The results obtained suggest that the frequency of recombination is distributed very unevenly in the q27-qter region of the X chromosome, with a cluster of seven tightly linked loci in q28 showing about 30% recombination with the gene for coagulation factor IX located in the neighboring q27 band. Probe St14 reveals one of the most polymorphic loci known to date in the human genome, and 17 different genotypes have already been observed. It constitutes the best marker on the X chromosome and...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Alleles
DNA, Double-Stranded
DNA Restriction Enzymes
Genetic Markers
Genetic Linkage Analysis
Genetic Polymorphism
Recombination, Genetic
X Chromosome

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