Apr 17, 2012

The telomeric transcriptome: from fission yeast to mammals

The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Amadou Bah, Claus M Azzalin

Abstract

The ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes are transcribed into different species of non-coding transcripts (the telomeric transcriptome), including TERRA (telomeric repeat-containing RNA) molecules; however, the functions associated with the telomeric transcriptome remain elusive. Experimental evidence accumulated during the past few years indicates that the transcriptional activity of telomeres is changed in cells in which the integrity of the telomeres or the heterochromatic state of chromosome ends is altered. On the contrary transcription of a telomere appears not to be influenced by its length. In this paper we briefly review the current state of knowledge on the composition, biogenesis, and regulation of the telomeric transcriptome from yeasts to humans. We also suggest a model in which TERRA is part of the DNA damage response triggered by dysfunctional telomeres and discuss the potential involvement of telomere transcription in the development of human pathologies.

Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Abnormal Degeneration
Alpha-Thalassemia
Heterochromatin Assembly
Protein Methylation
Nucleoproteins
Murine
Transcription, Genetic
NRG1 wt Allele
Response to DNA Damage Stimulus

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