PMID: 40207Aug 24, 1979

The temperature and pH dependence of conformational transitions of the chromatin subunit

Nucleic Acids Research
V C GordonJ Horwitz

Abstract

Hydrodynamic, spectroscopic, and chemical crosslinking studies on monomer chromatin subnits are reported as a function of ionic strength, pH, and temperature. In earlier studies, two salt-dependent conformational transitions were described (Gordon et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 75, 660, 1978). Transition one occurred between 0.7 and 2.0 mM ionic strength and transition two occurred between 5.0 and 11.0 mM ionic strength. Crosslinking at 11 mM ionic strength with formaldehyde suppressed both transitions. In this communication we report that the second transition was characterized by changes in the circular dichroism spectra in the 260--320 nm region as well as by changes in the hydrodynamic properties. As the ionic strength was increased from 5.0 to 11.0 mM, [theta]282 decreased from 2000 TO 1500 DEG CM2/DMOLE AND [THETA]295 decreased from 0 to -400 deg cm2/dmole. Both transitions occurred in the pH range from pH 6.0 to 9.2. At pH 5.0, the two ionic strength-dependent transitions were no longer observed and the characteristic changes in the circular dichroism spectra were suppressed. The spectra of the monomer subunits at pH 5.0 showed only small changes with ionic strength and resembled the spectra of t...Continue Reading

References

Jul 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J O Thomas, R D Kornberg
Feb 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·V C GordonV N Schumaker
Nov 1, 1972·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S HanlonA Chan
Jan 1, 1974·CRC Critical Reviews in Biochemistry·E H Strickland

Citations

Jul 1, 1980·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·M BinaA Stein
Nov 1, 1981·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R T Simpson
Jun 11, 1980·Nucleic Acids Research·A E DieterichC R Cantor
Jun 25, 1980·Nucleic Acids Research·J D McGhee, G Felsenfeld
Dec 1, 1982·European Journal of Biochemistry·S A Grigoryev, I A Krasheninnikov
Oct 6, 1998·Annual Review of Biochemistry·J L Workman, R E Kingston
Dec 1, 1983·International Journal of Radiation Biology and Related Studies in Physics, Chemistry, and Medicine·D F Uyesugi, C N Trumbore
Apr 1, 1981·Experimental Cell Research·R KlingholzH Schäfer
Sep 5, 1981·Journal of Molecular Biology·K Watanabe, K Iso
May 1, 1984·Bioscience Reports·L Böhm, C Crane-Robinson
Jul 6, 1982·Biochemistry·L J Libertini, E W Small
Oct 11, 1983·Biochemistry·E C UberbacherG J Bunick
Mar 7, 1989·Biochemistry·T D YagerK E van Holde
Sep 21, 2002·Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics·K-K Kunze, R R Netz

Related Concepts

Chromatin
Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
Dimethyl Suberimidate
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Polynucleosomes
Osmolality
Thermodynamics

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