PMID: 10961029Aug 29, 2000Paper

The therapeutic design of environments for people with dementia: a review of the empirical research

The Gerontologist
K DayC Stump


Design of the physical environment is increasingly recognized as an important aid in caring for people with dementia. This article reviews the empirical research on design and dementia, including research concerning facility planning (relocation, respite and day care, special care units, group size), research on environmental attributes (noninstitutional character, sensory stimulation, lighting, safety), studies concerning building organization (orientation, outdoor space), and research on specific rooms and activity spaces (bathrooms, toilet rooms, dining rooms, kitchens, and resident rooms). The analysis reveals major themes in research and characterizes strengths and shortcomings in methodology, theoretical conceptualization, and applicability of findings.


Aug 1, 1992·The American Journal of Psychiatry·A SatlinS Campbell
Dec 1, 1991·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·L BergK Maslow
Apr 1, 1990·The Gerontologist·D HolmesR Vickers
Mar 1, 1990·Journal of Gerontological Nursing·E N Negley, J T Manley
Dec 1, 1989·Archives of Neurology·S Z RapcsakA B Rubens
Nov 1, 1989·Geriatric Nursing·A L McCracken, E Fitzwater
Jan 1, 1988·Physiology & Behavior·S S CampbellJ C Hrubovcak
Dec 1, 1987·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·Y Wells, A F Jorm
Jan 1, 1986·Progress in Brain Research·M MirmiranC E Polak
Apr 1, 1987·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·D M BensonS R Gambert
Sep 1, 1987·Journal of Gerontology·R A Hussian, D C Brown
May 1, 1986·Geriatric Nursing·G HallS Todd
Mar 1, 1986·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·R F UhlmannT D Koepsell
Jan 1, 1981·Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis·L Melin, K G Götestam
Sep 1, 1981·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·F WiltziusE H Duthie
Sep 1, 1981·Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry·I G Hanley
Jun 1, 1995·The Gerontologist·A Cronin-Golomb
May 1, 1995·Journal of Gerontological Nursing·J Nelson
Jun 1, 1995·Archives of Neurology·G A GatesJ P Miller
Oct 1, 1994·Experimental Aging Research·K B Pandolf
Feb 1, 1995·The Gerontologist·J I DickinsonA Marshall-Baker
Jan 1, 1994·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·K MishimaK Takahashi
Jan 1, 1993·International Psychogeriatrics·A WimoP O Sandman
Oct 1, 1996·Journal of Gerontological Nursing·S HutchinsonH Skodol Wilson
Mar 1, 1997·Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders·L Annerstedt
Mar 1, 1997·Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders·S ElmståhlO Ahlund
Mar 1, 1997·Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders·A BianchettiM Trabucchi
Oct 29, 1997·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·C PhillipsR L Williams
May 9, 1998·The Gerontologist·Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, P Werner
Jul 22, 1998·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·Philip D SloaneE Burker
Jul 25, 1998·International Psychogeriatrics·J SaxtonB Deeley
Sep 3, 1998·The Gerontologist·G BellelliM Trabucchi
Jan 12, 1999·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·D Eskinazi, F A Hoffman
Mar 23, 1999·Biological Signals and Receptors·S Cuzzocrea, A P Caputi


May 4, 2005·Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie·H-W Wahl
Feb 5, 2009·Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie·Tania ZieschangPeter Oster
May 31, 2012·Current Psychiatry Reports·Abhilash K DesaiGeorge Grossberg
Dec 6, 2005·Healthcare Management Forum·Jacqueline McDonaldPatrick S Parfrey
Jun 1, 2011·Canadian Journal on Aging = La Revue Canadienne Du Vieillissement·Darlene HutchingsLeslie J Cake
Dec 24, 2008·International Psychogeriatrics·Hilde VerbeekJan P H Hamers
Feb 27, 2009·International Psychogeriatrics·Gary S StevensonNagarajan Perumal
Jan 26, 2010·International Psychogeriatrics·Serge GauthierConstantine G Lyketsos
May 19, 2010·International Psychogeriatrics·Richard Fleming, Nitin Purandare
Nov 26, 2010·International Psychogeriatrics·John T Dobrohotoff, Robert H Llewellyn-Jones
Jan 10, 2012·International Psychogeriatrics·Dieneke SmitAnne Margriet Pot
Feb 22, 2013·International Psychogeriatrics·Laura SuryHenry Brodaty
Oct 23, 2002·Health & Social Care in the Community·L Albinsson, P Strang
Aug 8, 2002·Journal of the American Geriatrics Society·Debra Saliba, John F Schnelle
Jul 27, 2010·Journal of Gerontological Social Work·Kathryn Betts Adams, Amy Restorick Roberts
Sep 10, 2011·Journal of Housing for the Elderly·Gesine MarquardtQuincy M Samus
Feb 6, 2004·Cyberpsychology & Behavior : the Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society·Darren FlynnCarlos Calderon
Aug 19, 2007·The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences·Jiska Cohen-MansfieldMarcia S Marx
Jan 11, 2012·The Gerontologist·Kathleen AbrahamsonGreg Arling
Jun 1, 2002·Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders·Sandy Burgener, Prudence Twigg
Feb 1, 2006·Home Health Care Services Quarterly·Susan G Kelsey, Sarah B Laditka
Mar 13, 2014·Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders·Max ToepperGebhard Sammer
Jun 22, 2013·BMC Geriatrics·Jennifer BogerAlex Mihailidis
May 17, 2008·The Journal of Neuroscience Nursing : Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses·Lan Yao, Donna Algase
Jan 1, 2002·Occupational Therapy in Health Care·Jennifer Klein
Jan 21, 2016·International Journal of Older People Nursing·Anthea InnesStephen Abela
Feb 14, 2012·Journal of the American Medical Directors Association·Susan E Slaughter, Debra G Morgan

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

International Psychogeriatrics
Richard Fleming, Nitin Purandare
International Psychogeriatrics
John T Dobrohotoff, Robert H Llewellyn-Jones
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Benyamin SchwarzRuth Brent Tofle
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved