The tolerance and safety of azlocillin

The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
M F Parry

Abstract

The safety of azlocillin was evaluated in 631 patients treated for urinary tract or systemic infections in U.S.A. clinical trials. The mean azlocillin dose was 260 mg/kg/day and the mean duration of treatment was 11.1 days. Twenty patients (3.2%) experienced adverse local reactions and 92 patients (14.6%) experienced adverse systemic reactions. In thirty-one instances (4.9%) they led to premature termination of therapy, but only 14 of 135 reactions were classified as severe. All adverse reactions were reversible if adequate follow-up was done. Hypersensitivity reactions, manifest by rash, fever or eosinophilia occurred in 4.4%, 0.3% and 1.1% respectively. Hypokalaemia was noted in only three instances (0.5%). Hepatotoxicity occurred in 1.7%, diarrhoea in 1.9% and leukopenia in 0.3%. Transient chest discomfort was seen on rapid infusion on three occasions. Overall, azlocillin appeared well tolerated, and had no evident unique toxicity.

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