The transient receptor potential protein homologue TRP6 is the essential component of vascular alpha(1)-adrenoceptor-activated Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel

Circulation Research
R InoueY Mori

Abstract

The Drosophila transient receptor potential protein (TRP) and its mammalian homologues are thought to be Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels activated by G protein (G(q/11))-coupled receptors and are regarded as an interesting molecular model for the Ca(2+) entry mechanisms associated with stimulated phosphoinositide turnover and store depletion. However, there is little unequivocal evidence linking mammalian TRPs with particular native functions. In this study, we have found that heterologous expression of murine TRP6 in HEK293 cells reproduces almost exactly the essential biophysical and pharmacological properties of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor-activated nonselective cation channels (alpha(1)-AR-NSCC) previously identified in rabbit portal vein smooth muscle. Such properties include activation by diacylglycerol; S-shaped current-voltage relationship; high divalent cation permeability; unitary conductance of 25 to 30 pS and augmentation by flufenamate and Ca(2+); and blockade by Cd(2+), La(3+), Gd(3+), SK&F96365, and amiloride. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and confocal laser scanning microscopy using TRP6-specific primers and antisera revealed that the level of TRP6 mRNA expression was remarkably high in both murine ...Continue Reading

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