Oct 1, 2009

The Trends of DMARDS prescribed in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients in Malaysia

Oman Medical Journal
Wahinuddin SulaimanAnwar Arshad

Abstract

To evaluate the trends of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients who fulfilled the ACR criteria for RA from 1995 to 2006 and who attended the Rheumatology clinic at Ipoh Hospital were selected and their records were evaluated to determine the changing trends in the use of DMARDs. 128 patients with RA were identified. The most commonly prescribed DMARD as monotherapy was sulphasalazine (47.7%), followed by methotrexate (35.9%) and hydroxychloroquine. Methotrexate and sulphasalazine were the most frequently prescribed DMARDs, of which the use of methotrexate has increased 6 folds from 1997 to 2007 and the use of sulphasalazine remains around 30% to 50%. The combination of methotrexate with leflunomide has significantly increased in usage by 4 folds during the study period whilst methotrexate with sulphasalazine combination usage had slightly declined. DMARDs are still the cornerstone in the treatment of RA. Changes in the trend and aggressive use of DMARDs has been markedly influenced by the patient's awareness of early treatment, the incapacitating damage, availability of recently introduced leflunomide and the advancement of current recommended treatment prot...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Leflunomide
Antirheumatic Drugs, Disease-Modifying
Antirheumatic Agents
Hydroxychloroquine
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Methotrexate
Sulfasalazine

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