PMID: 44203Jan 1, 1979

The twenty aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases from Escherichia coli. General separation procedure, and comparison of the influence of pH and divalent cations on their catalytic activities

Biochimie
D Kern, Jacques Lapointe

Abstract

A general separation procedure of the twenty E. coli aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases including either a 105 000 g centrifugation or a poly-ethyleneglycol-dextran two-phases partition fractionation, and chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose, phosphocellulose and hydroxyapatite is described. The specific activities of the synthetases have been determined after each chromatographic step and compared to their respective activities in the 105 000 g supernatant. Some aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases were obtained at 80 per cent purity. The presence of phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride does not significantly modify either the elution patterns of the synthetases during the various chromatographic steps or their specific activities. Thus, contrarily to enzymes from various eukaryotic organisms no significant inactivation of the E. coli aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases occurs via proteolytic processes during the purification procedure. The effects of various factors: pH, magnesium, and other bivalent cations including spermidine, were tested on the aminoacylation and the [32P] PPi-ATP isotope-exchange reactions, and the optimal aminoacylation and isotope-exchange conditions determined for 18 of the 20 E. coli aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.

References

Mar 9, 2004·Journal of Molecular Biology·Valérie CampanacciChristian Cambillau
Jul 24, 2012·Nucleic Acids Research·Chih-Chi LiaoChien-Chia Wang
May 30, 2009·Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications·Marc BaillyD Kern
Aug 3, 1999·Biological Chemistry·W FreistJ G Arnez
Oct 3, 1983·European Journal of Biochemistry·M H RatinaudR Julien
Jun 1, 1987·European Journal of Biochemistry·B LorberR Giege

Related Concepts

Cations, Divalent
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Magnesium Measurement
Enzymes, antithrombotic
MT-TA gene
Chromatography
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Transfer RNA
Proteolytic Enzyme
Centrifugation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.