DOI: 10.1101/477372Dec 12, 2018Paper

The urge to blink in Tourette syndrome

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Haley E. BotteronKevin J. Black


Functional neuroimaging studies have attempted to explore brain activity that occurs with tic occurrence in subjects with Tourette syndrome (TS). However, they are limited by the difficulty of disambiguating brain activity required to perform a tic, or activity caused by the tic, from brain activity that generates a tic. Inhibiting the urge to tic is important to patients' experience of tics and we hypothesize that inhibition of a compelling motor response to a natural urge will differ in TS subjects compared to controls. This study examines the urge to blink, which shares many similarities to premonitory urges to tic. Previous neuroimaging studies with the same hypothesis have used a one-size-fits-all approach to extract brain signal putatively linked to the urge to blink. We aimed to create a subject-specific and blink-timing-specific pathophysiological model, derived from out-of-scanner blink suppression trials, to eventually better interpret blink suppression fMRI data. Eye closure and continuously self-reported discomfort were reported during five blink suppression trials in 30 adult volunteers, 15 with a chronic tic disorder. For each subject, data from four of the trials were used with an empirical mathematical model to ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder
Clinical Trials
Human Volunteers
Gilles De La Tourette Syndrome
Research Subject
Scanning Systems
Brain Activity

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