The use of a pelvic displacement prosthesis to exclude the small intestine from the radiation field following radical hysterectomy

Gynecologic Oncology
A F BurnettC P Morrow


The goal of this study was to develop a device which will elevate the small intestine out of the pelvic cavity during radiation after radical surgery. A prosthetic device of silicone plastic was designed which conforms to the pelvis. This device is filled with saline and renograffin for X-ray visualization. The capacity of the device is between 750 and 1500 cc. A small bowel contrast radiograph is performed prior to radiation to document exclusion from the radiation field. The device remains in place throughout radiation therapy and is then removed through a small incision after draining the contents of the prosthesis. Seven devices have been placed to date. The patients' age ranged from 35 to 65 years. All women had stage Ib1 carcinoma of the cervix and all underwent a type III radical hysterectomy with bilateral pelvic and common iliac lymphadenectomy. The indication for placement of the device was deep invasion of tumor in five patients, close margin in one patient, and positive pelvic lymph nodes in one patient. The amount of fluid instilled in the device ranged from 960 to 1200 cc. All patients had a return to normal bowel function within 3 days of surgery. All had radiologically documented exclusion of the small intestine...Continue Reading


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