Sep 11, 1978

The use of base pair specific DNA binding agents as affinity labels for the study of mammalian chromosomes

K F JorgensonC C Lin


The fluorochromes Hoechst 33258 and olivomycin are base pair specific DNA binding agents. The fluorescence enhancement of Hoechst 33258 and olivomycin in the presence of DNA can be directly related to the A--T and G--C content of the interacting DNA respectively. Cytological observations of metaphase chromosomes treated with these two compounds suggest that the fluorescent banding patterns produced are the reverse of one another.--Non-fluorescent base pair specific DNA binding agents have been used as counterstains in chromosome preparations to enhance the contrast of the banding patterns produced by the base specific fluorochromes. The non-fluorescent G--C specific antibiotic actinomycin-D enhanced the resolution of fluorescent bands produced by the A--T specific fluorochrome Hoechst 33258. Similarly the non-fluorescent A--T specific antibiotic netropsin was found to enhance resolution of the bands produced by the G--C -specific fluorochrome olivomycin. Netropsin was also found to increase the differential fluorescent enhancement of complexes of olivomycin with DNAs of various base composition in solution. These findings suggest that counterstaining agents act through a base sequence dependent inhibition of subsequent binding ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Chromosome Banding
Complex (molecular entity)
Hepatitis A
Mitotic Metaphase
Fluorescent stain
DNA Binding

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