The use of continuous positive airway pressure in preterm babies with respiratory distress syndrome: a report from Baghdad, Iraq

The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
Numan Nafie HameedOla Didrik Saugstad


To study maternal and neonatal risk factors related to outcome of preterm babies with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in a tertiary Iraqi NICU. A prospective case study carried out from January 5, 2011 to January 5, 2012, on 70 preterm neonates with RDS who were started on CPAP. Maternal and infant variables of preterm babies with successful or failed CPAP therapy were compared. Seventy neonates, 44 (63%) males and 26 (37%) females were included. Mean (SD) gestation was 32.8 (2.8) weeks and mean (SD) birth weight was 1860 (656) g. Thirty-seven (52.9%) babies failed CPAP, of them 29 (78.3%) were started on mechanical ventilation. The variables associated with failure of CPAP were: Birth weight ≤1500 g, gestational age ≤30 weeks, white out on the chest X-ray, FiO2 ≥50% at 20 min of CPAP, PEEP ≥5.5 cm H2O. Mortality rates were 94.6% in CPAP failures versus 5.4% in CPAP successes (p = 0.001). In infants surviving till discharge, duration of hospital stay was longer in babies who were CPAP successes (9.6 ± 3.7 versus 3.0 ± 2.7 days, p = 0.001). Gestational age, birth weight, whiteout chest X-ray, and FiO2 are important predictive values for success of CPAP therapy. A larger prospecti...Continue Reading


Jun 17, 1971·The New England Journal of Medicine·G A GregoryW K Hamilton
Apr 1, 1982·American Journal of Diseases of Children·S C EngelkeL R Kuhns
Dec 5, 2002·Seminars in Neonatology : SN·Richard A Polin, Rakesh Sahni
Sep 27, 2005·The Journal of Pediatrics·Amer AmmariRichard A Polin
Jul 7, 2009·Indian Pediatrics·Jagdish KotiM Dasaradha Rami Reddy

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Apr 24, 2021·Global Pediatric Health·Winda Intan PermatahatiEkawaty Lutfia Haksari

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