May 1, 1976

The use of phospholipid vesicles for in vitro studies on cholesteryl ester hydrolysis

Journal of Lipid Research
P BrecherA V Chobanian

Abstract

Radiolabeled cholesteryl oleate was incorporated into vesicles prepared from egg yolk lecithin and utilized as a substrate for studies of sterol ester hydrolases present in rat liver homogenates. The cholesteryl oleate was shown to be associated with vesicles (unilamellar liposomes) using Sepharose 4B chromatography. With this substrate, two different cholesteryl ester hydrolytic enzymes were demonstrated in subcellular fractions from the liver homogenates. In the lysosome-rich fraction an acid hydrolase was present, while in the cytosol fraction (150,000 g supernatant), hydrolytic activity was shown to occur with an optimum pH between 8 and 8.5. The substrate was characterized by Sepharose chromatography both before and after incubation with the liver fraction and was not dramatically altered even by rigorous incubation conditions. The lysosomal enzyme preparation was capable of hydrolyzing almost all the cholesteryl oleate in the vesicles. Hydrolysis of the phospholipid was proportionately much less than that of the cholesteryl oleate. Comparisons were performed between the vesicle preparation and an alternate substrate preparation involving the direct addition of cholesteryl oleate in acetone solution. The vesicles appeared ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Epicholesterol
Suspensions
Sonication
Phosphatidylcholines
Lysosomes
Niosomes
Cholesterol Esters
Lysosomal Acid Cholesterol Esterase
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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