Aug 25, 2005

The use of tracheostomy T-tube in the treatment of tracheal stenosis

Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology
Kamal MorshedWiesław Gołabek

Abstract

The aim of the study was evaluation of the use of tracheostomy T-tube in patients with tracheal stenosis. The advantages of closed T-tube over open tracheotomy are: 1/ normal breathing through the nose, 2/ normal speech without necessity to close the tube with a finger, 3/ no spitting during cough. Silicone tracheostomy T-tube was used in 12 patients with tracheal stenosis. The stenosis resulted in 7 patients from prolonged intubation, in 4 patients from defective tracheostomy and in one patient from failure of tracheal resection. In all the patients rigid tracheoscopy and/or flexible bronchoscopy revealed the length of the stenosis and the distance from vocal cords. T-tube was placed under local anesthesia. The patients used to wear closed T-tube from 1-12 years. The tube was exchanged every 2-4 years. The only adverse effect was recurrent granulation around tracheostomy in two patients. 7 of 12 patients were decannulated with good result in 3 months - 5 years follow up. In two decannulated patients stenosis recurred. One patient was retracheostomized and in another patient stenosis was resected with end to end anastomosis. Three patients were not decannulated. Tracheostomy T-tube can be used temporary in patients with trachea...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle Rigidity
Local Anesthesia [PE]
Tracheostomy Route of Drug Administration
Vocal Cord Structure
Anatomical Anastomosis
Normal Respiratory Function
Coughing
Trachea
Tracheal Stenosis
Adverse Effects

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