May 1, 1980

The validity of assessing changes in intestinal absorption mechanisms for dietary sugars with non-metabolizable analogues (glucalogues)

The British Journal of Nutrition
G Syme, R J Levin

Abstract

1. Transfer potentials were obtained from everted jejunal sacs prepared from fed euthyroid, fasted euthyroid, fed hypothyroid and fasted hypothyroid rats by addition of serial concentrations of the dietary sugars glucose and galactose and the glucalogues 3-0-methyl glucose, alpha-methyl glucoside and 6-deoxy-D-glucose to the incubation fluids. The kinetic parameters of 'apparent Michaelis constant' (apparent Km) and maximum transfer potential difference (pdmax) obtained from the results were used to characterize the changes in the electrogenic transfer mechanisms for these substrates. 2. Analysis of the significant differential changes in values for 'apparent Km' and pdmax for the two dietary sugars and the three glucalogues indicated heterogeneity in the mechanisms for sugar transfer across the intestine and suggested a minimum of four possible carriers. 3. The validity of using glucalogues to characterize changes in the transfer mechanisms for the dietary sugars in different dietary and hormonal states was assessed. None of the kinetic parameters for electrogenic glucalogue transfer matched those for the dietary sugars in all the experimental conditions. The employment of glucalogues to assess changes in electrogenic transfer...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dietary Carbohydrates
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Galactose
Deoxy Sugars
Hypothyroidism
Methylglycosides
Electrophysiology (Science)
Deoxyglucose
Methylglucosides
Intestinal Absorption

About this Paper

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