May 1, 1980

The validity of assessing changes in intestinal absorption mechanisms for dietary sugars with non-metabolizable analogues (glucalogues)

The British Journal of Nutrition
G Syme, R J Levin


1. Transfer potentials were obtained from everted jejunal sacs prepared from fed euthyroid, fasted euthyroid, fed hypothyroid and fasted hypothyroid rats by addition of serial concentrations of the dietary sugars glucose and galactose and the glucalogues 3-0-methyl glucose, alpha-methyl glucoside and 6-deoxy-D-glucose to the incubation fluids. The kinetic parameters of 'apparent Michaelis constant' (apparent Km) and maximum transfer potential difference (pdmax) obtained from the results were used to characterize the changes in the electrogenic transfer mechanisms for these substrates. 2. Analysis of the significant differential changes in values for 'apparent Km' and pdmax for the two dietary sugars and the three glucalogues indicated heterogeneity in the mechanisms for sugar transfer across the intestine and suggested a minimum of four possible carriers. 3. The validity of using glucalogues to characterize changes in the transfer mechanisms for the dietary sugars in different dietary and hormonal states was assessed. None of the kinetic parameters for electrogenic glucalogue transfer matched those for the dietary sugars in all the experimental conditions. The employment of glucalogues to assess changes in electrogenic transfer...Continue Reading

  • References24
  • Citations


  • References24
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Dietary Carbohydrates
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Deoxy Sugars
Electrophysiology (Science)
Intestinal Absorption

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.