Aug 1, 1971

The volume of the T-system and its association with the sarcoplasmic reticulum in slow muscle fibres of the frog

The Journal of Physiology
F W Flitney


1. A study has been made of the T-system and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in slow muscle fibres of the frog, Rana temporaria.2. The size of the T-system was measured by an autoradiographic method, using tritium-labelled albumin as a marker. Its volume, expressed as a fraction of that of the fibre, was found to be 1.8 x 10(-3), as compared with a figure of 3.9 x 10(-3) for the T-system in a twitch fibre.3. The spatial distribution of the T-tubules, and their association with the SR, was studied with the electron microscope, employing ferritin and the enzyme peroxidase as markers. The observations show (a) the tubules form a three dimensional, rather than transverse, network and (b) the area of triadic (and diadic) contact with the SR is 5-10 x smaller than in a twitch fibre.4. The possibility that the T-system and SR of the slow fibre participate in linking membrane excitation with contraction is discussed in the light of these findings.

  • References
  • Citations8


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Transverse Tubule of Muscle Cell
Spatial Distribution
Contraction (Finding)

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.