Dec 2, 2009

Theoretical investigations of nitric oxide channeling in Mycobacterium tuberculosis truncated hemoglobin N

Biophysical Journal
Richard DaiglePatrick Lagüe


Mycobacterium tuberculosis group I truncated hemoglobin trHbN catalyzes the oxidation of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrate with a second-order rate constant k approximately 745 microM(-1) s(-1) at 23 degrees C (nitric oxide dioxygenase reaction). It was proposed that this high efficiency is associated with the presence of hydrophobic tunnels inside trHbN structure that allow substrate diffusion to the distal heme pocket. In this work, we investigated the mechanisms of NO diffusion within trHbN tunnels in the context of the nitric oxide dioxygenase reaction using two independent approaches. Molecular dynamics simulations of trHbN were performed in the presence of explicit NO molecules. Successful NO diffusion from the bulk solvent to the distal heme pocket was observed in all simulations performed. The simulations revealed that NO interacts with trHbN at specific surface sites, composed of hydrophobic residues located at tunnel entrances. The entry and the internal diffusion of NO inside trHbN were performed using the Long, Short, and EH tunnels reported earlier. The Short tunnel was preferentially used by NO to reach the distal heme pocket. This preference is ascribed to its hydrophobic funnel-shape entrance, covering a large area e...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Dynamics
Biochemical Pathway
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Salmonella enterica
Chlamydomonas moewusii
Nitric oxide dioxygenase

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