DOI: 0803.0483Jun 19, 2008Paper

# Theory of DNA translocation through narrow ion channels and nanopores with charged walls

ArXiv
Tao Hu, B. I. Shklovskii

## Abstract

Translocation of a single stranded DNA through genetically engineered $\alpha$-hemolysin channels with positively charged walls is studied. It is predicted that transport properties of such channels are dramatically different from neutral wild type $\alpha$-hemolysin channel. We assume that the wall charges compensate the fraction $x$ of the bare charge $q_{b}$ of the DNA piece residing in the channel. Our prediction are as follows (i) At small concentration of salt the blocked ion current decreases with $x$. (ii) The effective charge $q$ of DNA piece, which is very small at $x = 0$ (neutral channel) grows with $x$ and at $x=1$ reaches $q_{b}$. (iii) The rate of DNA capture by the channel exponentially grows with $x$. Our theory is also applicable to translocation of a double stranded DNA in narrow solid state nanopores with positively charged walls.

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